Geographia Polonica (2011) vol. 84, iss. 1

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The impact of cemeteries in Kraków on the natural environment– selected aspects

Józef Żychowski

Geographia Polonica (2011) vol. 84, iss. 1, pp. 13-32
doi: https://doi.org/10.7163/GPol.2011.1.2

Abstract

In order to show the influence of selected cemeteries in Krakow on components of environments, the element contents in the ground over burials, in the clover and fungi as well as the ions concentration in the ground waters, were investigated. The results were compared to the geological background and to the measurements taken on other cemeteries in south-east Poland. The attention was also drawn to geological products of decomposition. Over burials low contents of elements were confirmed. High iron ion concentration in ground water indicates its useful presence in deposits for decomposition products sorption. Relatively low pollutants con-centrations are related to advantageous locations of the cemeteries; deep level of ground water, the presence of absorbents in the deposits, surfaces of cemeteries are impervious and passable dehydration systems.

Keywords: localization of cemeteries, Cracow, migration of the matter, ground water, ions, the element contents