Geographia Polonica (2011) vol. 84, iss. Special Issue Part 1

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Geomorphic response to the Little Ice Age in Slovakia

Milos Stankoviansky, Peter Pišút

Geographia Polonica (2011) vol. 84, iss. Special Issue Part 1, pp. 127-146
doi: https://doi.org/10.7163/GPol.2011.S1.9

Abstract

Geomorphic response to the Little Ice Age (LIA; ca 1250-1890 AD) in Slovakia wasmarked by the increased occurrence and effectiveness of fluvial, runoff, and some gravitationalprocesses. We identified four periods of increased frequency of big floods, namely: (1250)1378-1526 AD, the 1560s-1570s, the 1590s-1620s, and the 1660s-1850s, while the last periodshows two stages (the 1660s-1720s and the 1760s-1850s). Three identified periods of disastrousgullying accompanied by muddy floods (the 14th century, the mid-16th century - the 1730s, the1780s - the mid-19th century) refer to temporal conformity of both fluvial and runoff processes.High frequency of debris flows in the Slovak part of the Tatra Mts. occurred in the period of1400-1860 AD. Sparse mentions on precipitation-induced particular events of debris flows, landslidesor rockfalls are mostly linked with simultaneous occurrence of floods.

Keywords: geomorphic response, floods, gullying, muddy floods, debris flows, landslides, rockfalls, Little Ice Age, Slovakia

Milos Stankoviansky, Department of Physical Geography and Geoecology, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Comenius University in Bratislava, Mlynskä dolina, 842 15 Bratislava 4, Slovak Republic
Peter Pišút, Comenius University in Bratislava, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Department of Physical Geography and Geoecology, Mlynská dolina, 842 15 Bratislava 4, Slovakia