Geographia Polonica (1988) vol. 53

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Types of bioclimate in Poland

Teresa Kozłowska-Szczęsna

Geographia Polonica (1988) vol. 53, pp. 135-140


Four bioclimatic types have been distinguished in Poland: strongstimulating bioclimate (type I), moderate stimulating bioclimate (type II), mildstimulating bioclimate (type III), and weak stimulating bioclimate (type IV). Twosubtypes have been marked within each of these four types: bioclimate of forestedterrain, with spare features (subtype A), and bioclimate of urbanized terrain, with strainfeatures (subtype B). The initial material for this paper was taken from data collected bynearly 100 state-run meteorological stations and posts between 1961 and 1970. The decade was then marked by hot summer in 1963, cool summers in 1962 and 1965, frostywinters 1962/63 and 1969/70, wet summers in 1966 and 1970, and dry summers in 1964and 1969; in all, the period had embraced a range of extreme weather conditions and,therefore, be accepted as representative for evaluation of Poland's bioclimate.It is noteworthy that non — Polish bibliography gives few examples of cartographicanalyses made from the point of view of man's bioclimatology. One such example is amap of West Germany (Becker and Wagner 1972).


Teresa Kozłowska-Szczęsna [], Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization Polish Academy of Sciences, 00-818 Warsaw, Twarda 51/55, Poland