Geographia Polonica (1986) vol. 52

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Labour mobility, urbanization and development: selected concepts and illustrations

Piotr Korcelli

Geographia Polonica (1986) vol. 52, pp. 171-178


If recent trends continue, the extent of inter-regional migration in Europe willdrop, by the mid-1980s, far below the level of the mid-1970s.1 This may be solelydue to the evolving age structure of the population, and in particular to thediminishing proportion in the total of those age groups traditionally characterizedby the highest propensity to move. If the increase in the demand for labourcontinues to be slow, the turnover of jobs on the regional scale may also decrease,thus reinforcing what may be viewed as a period of relative stability in urbanand regional patterns.

Contrary to the'situation prevailing in the developed countries recent experiencethroughout the Third World suggests an acceleration of population flows betweenindividual regions and from rural to urban areas. Such intensive migrations aregenerated both by continuous demographic dynamics and by the inevitable economicstructural change, which results in large-scale transfers toward centers of secondaryand tertiary occupations.


Piotr Korcelli, Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization Polish Academy of Sciences ul. Krakowskie Przedmieście 30, 00-927 Warszawa, Poland