Geographia Polonica (1968) vol. 14

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The annual rhythm of morphogenetic processes in Spitsbergen

Zdzislaw Czeppe

Geographia Polonica (1968) vol. 14, pp. 57-66

Abstract

In 1957/58, 1959 and 1960 the author carried out investigations in theHornsund region and along the Sorkappland shores in Spitsbergen onhow the morphogenetic processes vary, in space and in different seasons.These studies concerned: 1. rock weathering due to frost and chemicalaction; 2. gravity processes, like debris fall and solifluxion; 3. thermalprocesses in the ground, such as the formation of fibrous ice, frostswelling, the formation of hydrolaccoliths, and frost cracks in the ground;4. aquatic processes: erosion and accumulation caused by flowing water;5. eolian processes: eolian deflation and accumulation. The author supplementedhis observations and measurements with laboratory examinationsand by correlating the results with his own observations of the courseof meteorological phenomena and of the thermal and humidity conditionsof the ground.

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Zdzislaw Czeppe, Jagellonian University, Cracow