Geographia Polonica (1970) vol. 19

Essays on agricultural typology and land utilization

Articles

Agricultural Typology. Summary of Activity of the IGU Commission for the Years 1964—1968

Jerzy Kostrowicki

Geographia Polonica (1970) vol. 19, pp. 11-30 | Full text

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Jerzy Kostrowicki, Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw, Poland

The Phenomena, Functioning Units and Systems of Agriculture

Clarence W. Olmstead

Geographia Polonica (1970) vol. 19, pp. 31-42 | Full text

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Abstract:

At the expense of over-simplification, one may identify several different approaches or emphases which have successively characterized the study of agricultural geography in the United States. These include:

  1. Commodity studies, especially studies of individual crops.
  2. Small-scale studies of crop-land relationships.
  3. Large-scale field studies of agricultural land-use and landscapes.
  4. Studies using the cultural-historical approach, and
  5. Studies using a theoretical-quantitative approach.

I would propose a sixth approach to the geographical study of agriculture, which I will call the systems approach. I believe that it can encompass all of the best objectives and methods of each of the previous approaches. It is a con-ceptual framework designed to accommodate within a single interrelated body of knowledge the comparative study of any or all of the diverse elements and varieties of agriculture that exist in the world.

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Clarence W. Olmstead, Department of Geography University of Wisconsin Madison, Wise. USA

Farm Size as a Criterion in Identifying Types of Agriculture

Aadel Brun Tschudi

Geographia Polonica (1970) vol. 19, pp. 43-55 | Full text

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Aadel Brun Tschudi, Department o f Geography University of Oslo Oslo Norway

The Location and Intensity of Farming Systems

Alec N. Duckham, Geoffrey B. Masefield

Geographia Polonica (1970) vol. 19, pp. 55-70 | Full text

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Alec N. Duckham, Department of Agriculture University of Reading, England
Geoffrey B. Masefield, Department of Agriculture University of Oxford, England

Conceptual Model of Four Types of World Agriculture

Hiroshi Ishida

Geographia Polonica (1970) vol. 19, pp. 71-80 | Full text

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Hiroshi Ishida, Department of Geography University of Hiroshima Japan

An Approach to the Definition of the Plantation

Percy P. Courtenay

Geographia Polonica (1970) vol. 19, pp. 81-90 | Full text

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Percy P. Courtenay, Department of Geography University College of Townsville Australia

Peasant Rice Cultivation Systems with some Malaysian Examples

Roland D. Hill

Geographia Polonica (1970) vol. 19, pp. 91-98 | Full text

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Abstract:

According to Spencer, the geographer must view the methods of combining fields, crops and cultivation practices, that is cropping systems, from the per-spective of the whole culture of their practitioners1. This is highly desirable. Yet it is the imperative "must" that is objectionable. Cropping systems can also be conceived of as having an independent existence. The development of classifications of cropping systems has thus its own justification merely because the systems exist. There are also other aims. Detailed descriptions of cropping systems enable adequate comparisons to be made both in space and, given adequate source materials, in time. Furthermore such descriptions permit the review of conventional terminology and its modification if necessary. These considerations naturally apply to rice cultivation systems, which are almost as diverse as the peoples practising them.

This diversity of practice leads in two directions. One is in the direction of terminology that is so broad as to be of very limited value except at the highest level of generalization. What, for example, is included in the categories "wet rice", "dry rice" or "irrigated rice"? In the other direction is the way towards elaborate and complex classifications in which diversity may be sub-sumed. Thus no apology can be made for the complexity of the tentative scheme which follows.

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Roland D. Hill, Department of Geography University of Singapore Singapore

Types of Agriculture in Poland. A Preliminary Attempt at a Typolo-gical Classification

Jerzy Kostrowicki

Geographia Polonica (1970) vol. 19, pp. 99-110 | Full text

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Jerzy Kostrowicki, Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw, Poland

Procedure of Agricultural Typology. The Case of Ponidzie, Central Poland

Władysława Stola

Geographia Polonica (1970) vol. 19, pp. 111-118 | Full text

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Władysława Stola, Institut de Géographie et de l'Aménagement du Territoire. Académie Polonaise des Sciences. Varsovie. Pologne

Production Properties of Agriculture of North-Eastern Poland. The Case of Białystok Voivodship

Władysław Biegajło

Geographia Polonica (1970) vol. 19, pp. 119-130 | Full text

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Władysław Biegajło, Institute of Geography PAN, Warsaw

The Characteristics of Agriculture in Japan and Approach to Agri-cultural Typology

Hyozo Shirahama

Geographia Polonica (1970) vol. 19, pp. 131-146 | Full text

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Hyozo Shirahama, Department o f Geography University of Hiroshima Japan

A Study of Agricultural Regions in South Korea

Chung-myun Lee

Geographia Polonica (1970) vol. 19, pp. 147-170 | Full text

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Chung-myun Lee, Department of Geography University of Malaya Kuala Lumpur

The Changing Patterns of Land Use and the Agro-Geographical Division of Denmark

Aage H. Karnpp

Geographia Polonica (1970) vol. 19, pp. 171-184 | Full text

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Aage H. Karnpp, The Royal Danish School of Educational Studies Department of Geography Copenhagen

The Huza Strip Farming System of the Krobo of Ghana

George Benneh

Geographia Polonica (1970) vol. 19, pp. 185-206 | Full text

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George Benneh, Department of Geography University of Ghana Legon, Accra

Post-Independence Agricultural Changes in the Kenya Highlands

Richard S. Odingo

Geographia Polonica (1970) vol. 19, pp. 207-226 | Full text

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Richard S. Odingo, Department of Geography University College, Nairobi Kenya

Dynamic Approach to the Analysis of Change: A Case Study of Cro-pland Use in Uttar Pradesh, India

Shyam S. Bhatia

Geographia Polonica (1970) vol. 19, pp. 227-248 | Full text

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Shyam S. Bhatia, Department of Geography Wisconsin State University Oshkosh, Wise. USA

Sub-Types of Agriculture in the Area of Bratislava

Koloman Ivanicka

Geographia Polonica (1970) vol. 19, pp. 249-254 | Full text

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Koloman Ivanicka, Chair of Economic Geography Komensky University Bratislava Czechoslovakia

The Land of Hungary and the Utilization Types of its Agriculture

George Enyedi

Geographia Polonica (1970) vol. 19, pp. 255-262 | Full text

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George Enyedi, Institute of Geography Hungarian Academy of Sciences Budapest

Land Use Studies as a Basis of Agricultural Typology of East-Central Europe

Jerzy Kostrowicki

Geographia Polonica (1970) vol. 19, pp. 263-279 | Full text

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Jerzy Kostrowicki, Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw, Poland

Land utilization and types of farming

Carlo Vanzetti

Geographia Polonica (1970) vol. 19, pp. 281-290 | Full text

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Carlo Vanzetti, Department of Agricultural Economics and Policy University of Padova Italy