Geographia Polonica (1979) vol. 40

Agricultural typology : proceedings of the eighth meeting of the Commission on Agricultural Typology, International Geographical Union, Odessa, USSR, 20-26 July 1976

Articles

African traditional economic-cultural types and the problems of typology of world agriculture

B.v. Andrianov

Geographia Polonica (1979) vol. 40, pp. 5-10 | Full text

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B.v. Andrianov, Institute of Ethnography, Soviet Academy of Sciences, Moscow, USSR

Typological study of agriculture in developing countries

V.a. Pulyarkin

Geographia Polonica (1979) vol. 40, pp. 11-16 | Full text

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V.a. Pulyarkin, Institute of Geography, Academy of Sciences of the USRR, Moscow

Types of world agriculture map for higher schools

I.m. Kuzina, L.f. Yanvaryova

Geographia Polonica (1979) vol. 40, pp. 17-22 | Full text

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I.m. Kuzina, Faculty of Geography, Moscow State University, USSR
L.f. Yanvaryova, Faculty of Geography, Moscow State University, USSR

Développement des études sur la typologie de l'agriculture et la planification de la production agricole

A.n. Rakitnikov

Geographia Polonica (1979) vol. 40, pp. 23-28 | Full text

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A.n. Rakitnikov, Faculté de Géographie, Université de Moscou, URSS

Cartographie methods for the identification of production types of agriculture

T.a. Solovtsova

Geographia Polonica (1979) vol. 40, pp. 29-38 | Full text

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T.a. Solovtsova, Faculty of Geography, Moscow State University, USSR

Classification of the production types of agricultural enterprises

N.p. Isayenko

Geographia Polonica (1979) vol. 40, pp. 39-46 | Full text

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The territorial organization of agriculture in the Uralsk Province

A. Yu. Parfenova

Geographia Polonica (1979) vol. 40, pp. 47-54 | Full text

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A. Yu. Parfenova, Teachers' Training College, Uralsk, USSR

Production types of farms and agricultural zoning in the Odessa Province

I. F. Mukomel, K.e. Povitchannaya, S.v. Stetsenko

Geographia Polonica (1979) vol. 40, pp. 55-66 | Full text

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I. F. Mukomel, Faculty of Geography and Geology, Odessa University, USSR
K.e. Povitchannaya, Faculty of Geography and Geology, Odessa University, USSR
S.v. Stetsenko, Faculty of Geography and Geology, Odessa University, USSR

Types of agricultural regions in West Siberia and North Kazakhstan

V. G. Kryuchkov

Geographia Polonica (1979) vol. 40, pp. 67-74 | Full text

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V. G. Kryuchkov, Faculty of Geography, Moscow State University, USSR

Les mutations progressives dans la concent-ration et typisation de l'agriculture de L'URSS

L. M. Zaltsman, S. J. Polovenko

Geographia Polonica (1979) vol. 40, pp. 75-82 | Full text

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L. M. Zaltsman, Faculté d'Economie, Université de Moscou, URSS
S. J. Polovenko, Faculté d'Economie, Université de Moscou, URSS

Agricultural typology of the USSR

L. I. Gorbunova, M. V. Komleva, L. V. Shishkina

Geographia Polonica (1979) vol. 40, pp. 83-94 | Full text

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Abstract:

This paper is devoted to the identification of the types of agriculture in the USSR on the basis of the methods suggested by the Commision (J. Kostrowicki 1976) and thus forms part of the research on the typology of world agriculture. Moreover, this report presents the experience gained in using these methods in the specific conditions in individual countries.

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L. I. Gorbunova, Faculty of Geography, Moscow State University, USSR
M. V. Komleva, Faculty of Geography, Moscow State University, USSR
L. V. Shishkina, Faculty of Geography, Moscow State University, USSR

Application of the revised scheme for the typology of world agriculture to Canada

M.j. Troughton

Geographia Polonica (1979) vol. 40, pp. 95-112 | Full text

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Abstract:

The paper presents preliminary results and discussion related to the appli-cation of the third version of the typology of world agriculture (Kostrowicki 1976) to Canada. As such, it represents a further stage in an iterative process, whereby successive versions of the global typology scheme are tested at the national level, in an effort to provide both substantive results and critical eva-luation of the scheme itself. Although, as Kostrowicki notes, the third version is the last for which the I.G.U. Commission has responsibility, the process will undoubtedly continue.

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M.j. Troughton, Department of Geography, University of Western Ontario, London, Canada

Agricultural typology of India

V.r. Singh

Geographia Polonica (1979) vol. 40, pp. 113-132 | Full text

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Abstract:

India has often been described as an area of subsistence agriculture. Great advances, however, have been made in the Indian agriculture in the post-inde-pendence period. The recent improvements as a consequence of land reforms, consolidation of holdings, provision of irrigational facilities, scientific advance-ments in agricultural researches, implements, use of fertilizers, manures and pesticides, have ushered the Green Revolution in large segment of the country increasing agricultural production by 62 per cent.

India covers an area of 3,267,500 km2 of which only 45 per cent is under plough, 20 per cent under irrigation and only 15 per cent under double crop-ping. Forests cover 17 per cent of the area. The cropping system is mainly food oriented as only 18 per cent of the cultivated area is devoted to commercial crops. Livestock, dairying and poultry is least developed on commercial scale. They exhibit a contrasting but inter-related physical, socio-cultural and econo-mic conditions. There are well established regional variations in agriculture, industry, irrigational and commercial activities. Large areas of tribal and other backward communities have not been affected by either the Green Revolution or by industrial, institutional and commercial activities. Only a micro level study in agricultural typology can reveal the homogeneity in agricultural attri-butes and also in the level of agriculture. This study has been undertaken at state level so that the results can be represented on the world map showing agricultural typology of India.

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V.r. Singh, Department of Geography, Bañaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India

Agricultural types in Madhya Pradesh

B. P. Panda

Geographia Polonica (1979) vol. 40, pp. 133-150 | Full text

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B. P. Panda, Department of Geography, K.G. Arts and Science College, Raigarh, M.R. India

Application des normes proposées par J. Kostrowicki à l'agriculture française

Jacqueline Bonnamour, Chantal Gillette

Geographia Polonica (1979) vol. 40, pp. 151-160 | Full text

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Jacqueline Bonnamour, Ecole Normale Supérieure, Fontenay-aux-Roses, France
Chantal Gillette, Ecole Normale Supérieure, Fontenay-aux-Roscs, France

Changing types of Austrian agriculture

Roman Szczęsny

Geographia Polonica (1979) vol. 40, pp. 161-170 | Full text

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Abstract:

The present paper is based on material collected during the author's stay in Austria in 1975 for 25 agricultural production regions, Landwirtschaftliche Produktionsgebiete (LPG) for the years 1960 and 1970.Those data served as a basis for computing 27 variables representing 24 diagnostic features expressed by codes recommended by the Commission in the final version of the typology of world agriculture (J. Kostrowicki 1976). Both the deviation and the successive products methods were applied to identify the types of agriculture.

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Roman Szczęsny, Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization. Polish Academy of Sciences. Warsaw. Poland

Agricultural typology of the Thracian Basin, Bulgaria as a case of the typology of world agriculture

Wiesława Tyszkiewicz

Geographia Polonica (1979) vol. 40, pp. 171-186 | Full text

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Abstract:

The paper presents an attempt to apply the concept and method of agri-cultural typology, as described in the final version of the typology of world agriculture,1 to the identification of agriculture types of the Thracian Basin, Central Bulgaria.

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Wiesława Tyszkiewicz, Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw

Evaluation of taxonomic methods from the point of view of comparability of results in space and time — in optimization aspect

Krystyna Bielecka, Mirosław Paprzycki

Geographia Polonica (1979) vol. 40, pp. 187-190 | Full text

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Krystyna Bielecka, Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw
Mirosław Paprzycki, Committee for Space Economy and Regional Planning, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw, Poland

Proposal of new taxonomic methods for agricultural typology

Krystyna Bielecka, Mirosław Paprzycki, Zenon Piasecki

Geographia Polonica (1979) vol. 40, pp. 191-200 | Full text

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Krystyna Bielecka, Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw
Mirosław Paprzycki, Committee for Space Economy and Regional Planning, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw, Poland
Zenon Piasecki, Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw

Regional imbalances in the agricultural development of Madhya Pradesh, India

J.p. Saxena, S.n. Mehrotra

Geographia Polonica (1979) vol. 40, pp. 201-208 | Full text

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Madhya Pradesh is agriculturally a backward State as compared with such progressive States of India as Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Tamilnadu, Kerala etc. Since independence was gained there has been a consistent effort on the part of the Government of Madhya Pradesh and also the Centre, to improve the agri-cultural situation in different parts of Madhya Pradesh. Since 1951 Madhya Pradesh has seen four Five Year Plans, during which much has been done to develop agriculture on the regional basis by making available to the farmer a substantial quantity of chemical fertilizers, improved variety of seeds and facilities of irrigation and power. However, it has to be admitted that neither the geographical conditions nor the attitudes of peasant community in different parts of the State permit uniform development of agriculture. There are im-balances in the regional development and the authors have attempted to pin--point these imbalances in this article.

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J.p. Saxena, Professor of Geography, M.L.B. Arts and Commerce College, Gwalior, India
S.n. Mehrotra, Joint Director of Education, M.P., Bhopal, India

A new technique of delimiting agricultural production typology in foodcrop dominated economy: Haryana case study

Jasbir Singh

Geographia Polonica (1979) vol. 40, pp. 209-216 | Full text

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Jasbir Singh, Department of Geography, Kurukshetra University, Haryana, India

'Carrying capacity' and 'potential crop productivity' — basic concepts in cultural geography?

Sofus Christiansen

Geographia Polonica (1979) vol. 40, pp. 217-224 | Full text

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Sofus Christiansen, Department Of Geography, University Of Copenhagen, Denmark

Productivity and fluctuating limits of crop cultivation in Finland

Uuno Varjo

Geographia Polonica (1978) vol. 40, pp. 225-234 | Full text

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Uuno Varjo, Department of Geography, University of Oulu, Finland

Twelve years' activity of the IGU Commission on Agricultural Typology

Jerzy Kostrowicki

Geographia Polonica (1979) vol. 40, pp. 235-253 | Full text

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Jerzy Kostrowicki, Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw, Poland