Geographia Polonica (1981) vol. 44

Population and settlement structure : analytical and policy approaches

Articles

Dynamics of urban spaces conditioned by human ecology

Yurii V. Medvedkov

Geographia Polonica (1981) vol. 44, pp. 5-18 | Full text

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Yurii V. Medvedkov, Institute of Geography. Academy of Sciences of the USSR. Moscow, USSR

The role of geography of services in the study of urban settle-ment systems

Vadim V. Pokshishevski

Geographia Polonica (1981) vol. 44, pp. 19-24 | Full text

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Vadim V. Pokshishevski, Institute of Ethnography, Academy of Sciences of the USSR

Interdependence of urbanization and development of the territorial structure of national economy

Yakov G. Mashbits

Geographia Polonica (1981) vol. 44, pp. 25-32 | Full text

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Yakov G. Mashbits, Institute of Geography. Academy of Sciences of the USSR. Moscow. USSR

Modelling of settlement systems for regional planning

Gerold Kind

Geographia Polonica (1981) vol. 44, pp. 33-44 | Full text

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Gerold Kind, Technical University. Dresden. G DR

On planning and control of settlement systems in the USSR

Boris S. Khorev

Geographia Polonica (1981) vol. 44, pp. 45-58 | Full text

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Boris S. Khorev, Moscow Slate University. Moscow. USSR

Basic aspects of settlement structure planning in the GDR

Konrad Scherf

Geographia Polonica (1981) vol. 44, pp. 59-64 | Full text

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Konrad Scherf, Higher School of Economics. Berlin. GDR

Selected aspects of the internal organization of a settlement system

Miroslav Macka, Jan Bina, Jaroslav Mareś, Bozena Novakova, Vaclav Touśek, Milan Viturka, Jiri Vystoupil

Geographia Polonica (1981) vol. 44, pp. 65-88 | Full text

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Abstract:

In the structure and/or interdisciplinary design of different subsystems of the socio-economic space we can see the entirely marked position of the settlement subsystem. Its organization is certainly affected by the arrangement of the settlement structure in a narrow sense, i.e. the structure of settlements (i.e. their size, functions, etc.). But this primary basis does not play such a decisive part in the settlement subsystem as does, for instance, the structure and dislocation of industry in the industral subsystem or the characteristics of the production types, subtypes, etc.. in the subsystem of agriculture. The settlement subsystem as the territorially most universal component of the socio-economic space is modelled relatively strongly by processes originating in the structure of industry, services, agriclture, etc., and has retroactive modifying effects on these 'more specialized' subsystems. The study of settlement must therefore necessarily deal even with questions of the geography of transport, recreation, industry, agriculture, etc.; and the present paper was compiled taking account of this fact.

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Miroslav Macka, Insiilule of Geography, Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences Brno Czechoslovakia
Jan Bina, Insiilule of Geography, Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences Brno Czechoslovakia
Jaroslav Mareś, Insiilule of Geography, Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences Brno Czechoslovakia
Bozena Novakova, Insiilule of Geography, Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences Brno Czechoslovakia
Vaclav Touśek, Insiilule of Geography, Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences Brno Czechoslovakia
Milan Viturka, Insiilule of Geography, Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences Brno Czechoslovakia
Jiri Vystoupil, Insiilule of Geography, Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences Brno Czechoslovakia

Main features, trends and problems of human settlement in the USSR

Georgii M. Lappo

Geographia Polonica (1981) vol. 44, pp. 89-96 | Full text

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Abstract:

Problems of human settlement are a part of a more general problem, i.e. territorial organization of social life. These problems become more complicated and acute with the passage of time, therefore their importance increases as well as the need to solve them.The national economic base of settlement is being constantly developed and changed: large territorial-production complexes emerge, new resource areas develop, huge transport routes, ports and electric power stations are built, and plans to transform Nature are elaborated and implemented over vast territories. All this imparts un-precedented dynamics to human settlement.The tasks to improve settlement cannot be reduced merely to removing shortcomings and intensifying positive elements. It is also essential to master the process of urban and rural settlement reorganization and formation of towns and their systems, as well as to direct it along postulated channels.The first essential step in controlling the mechanism of settlement is to grasp its essence. A study of settlement problems must be aimed, first, at analysing appropriate processes and revealing trends within them and, secondly, at identifying causes behind them.

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Georgii M. Lappo, Institute of Geography Academy of Sciences of the USSR

Development of the national system of cities as related to migration

Marek Jerczyński

Geographia Polonica (1981) vol. 44, pp. 97-110 | Full text

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Marek Jerczyński, Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization. Polish Academy of Sciences. Warsaw. Poland

Impact of spatial organization on the development of systems of towns

O.l. Medvedkova

Geographia Polonica (1981) vol. 44, pp. 111-122 | Full text

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O.l. Medvedkova, Institute of Geography. Academy of Sciences of the USSR. Moscow. USSR

Development of settlement systems in rural regions of the GDR

Alfred Von Kanel

Geographia Polonica (1981) vol. 44, pp. 123-132 | Full text

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Alfred Von Kanel, Erns-Vlorit-Arndt University. Greifswald

Certain aspects of transformation of settlement in mountainous areas

V. Sh. Dzhaoshvili

Geographia Polonica (1981) vol. 44, pp. 133-138 | Full text

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V. Sh. Dzhaoshvili, Vakhushli Institute of Geography. Academy of Sciences of the Georgian SSR. Tbilisi. USSR

City-hinterland regions of large cities and medium-sized towns in the GDR

Rudolf Kronert

Geographia Polonica (1981) vol. 44, pp. 139-150 | Full text

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Abstract:

As in other countries the settlement structure in the German Democratic Re-public is becoming ever more urbanized. This is obvious from the growth of part of the cities and rural settlement centres, and from the increasing extent to which settlements become integrated. One of the challenges of urbanization is the need to make progress in overcoming the present differences in working and living conditions existing at the level of regions and beyond. In this connection conflicting trends toward concentration and dispersion can be observed. More detailed research is needed to identify those forms of settlement structures which can be employed most favourably to implement the fundamental socio-political objectives of a socialist system.

It is desirable that the settlement structure be efficient from an economic and social point of view, and the following is primarily a look at social aspects of regional settlement systems and city-hinterland regions. The aim is to show the way in which different types of cities have links with their hinterlands through the movement of people, and to demonstrate the social functions of city-hinterland regions. Special importance must in this connection be attached to the area within easy daily reach of the centre. A discussion is needed on what types of centres and regional features result in a comparatively contained daily communication area. In the latter the overall level of the working and living conditions depends decis-ively on the qualitative and quantitative patterns of functions the centre provides. The question may then be asked whether these patterns can satisfy advanced de-mands, whether they may be extended in view of present or future population development within the region or whether the region will have to give up its com-paratively self-contained existence and become integrated into the regions around other cities.

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Rudolf Kronert, Institute of Geography. Academy of Sciences of the GDR. Leipzig. GDR

An investigation of cities of macrostructure of the settlement system of the GDR

Frankdieter Grimm

Geographia Polonica (1981) vol. 44, pp. 151-162 | Full text

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Frankdieter Grimm, Institute of Geography. Academy of Sciences of the GDR. Leipzig. GDR

Urban agglomerations in the socio-economic space of Poland: some analytical questions

Zbigniew Rykiel

Geographia Polonica (1981) vol. 44, pp. 163-170 | Full text

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Zbigniew Rykiel, Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization • Polish Academy of Sciences ul. Krakowskie Przedmieście 30, 00-927 Warszawa, Poland

A study of the settlement structure of agglomeration regions in the GDR with special reference to the Halle-Leipzig agglomeration

H. Kowalke, J. Leykauf, G. Mohs, Helga Schmidt, Dieter Scholz

Geographia Polonica (1981) vol. 44, pp. 171-178 | Full text

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H. Kowalke, Martin-Luther University. Halle-Wittenberg. GDR
J. Leykauf, Martin-Luther University. Halle-Wittenberg. GDR
G. Mohs, Martin-Luther University. Halle-Wittenberg. GDR
Helga Schmidt, Martin-Luther University, Halle-Wittenberg
Dieter Scholz, Martin-Luther University, Halle-Wittenberg

Towards a theory of intra-urban structures of Polish cities

Grzegorz Węcławowicz

Geographia Polonica (1981) vol. 44, pp. 179-200 | Full text

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Grzegorz Węcławowicz, Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw, Poland

Spatial structure of retail trade in Warsaw

Irena Chudzyńska

Geographia Polonica (1981) vol. 44, pp. 201-210 | Full text

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Abstract:

One major prerequisite for generalizations concerning the internal structure of a city, which is viewed as a relatively isolated settlement system composed of interlinked subsystems, is to have an adequate knowledge of the structural regu-larities specific for each of the subsystems. The steadily rising importance of the service sector vindicates paying special attention to the structure and development of that subsystem. If we consider that retail trade tends to have a focus-creating effect on the emergence of service centres in cities it seems useful to pinpoint the interest of empirical studies in this respect on the search for the regularities governing the distribution of shops.

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Irena Chudzyńska, Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization Polish Academy of Sciences. Warsaw. Poland

Spatial distribution of intra-urban commuting to work: A case study of the city of Łódź

Jerzy Dzieciuchowicz

Geographia Polonica (1981) vol. 44, pp. 211-224 | Full text

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Jerzy Dzieciuchowicz, Institute of Geography, Łódź University, Łódź. Poland

Spatial mobility of the population in Poland. An attempt of an integrated approach

Andrzej Gawryszewski

Geographia Polonica (1981) vol. 44, pp. 225-238 | Full text

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Andrzej Gawryszewski, Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization. Polish Academy of Sciences. Warsaw. Poland

Tendencies in development of mathematical modelling of human migration

G.a. Golts

Geographia Polonica (1981) vol. 44, pp. 239-246 | Full text

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G.a. Golts, Institute of Geography. Academy of Sciences of the USRR. Moscow. USRR

Spatial structure of internal migration in Poland

Agnieszka Zurkowa, Janusz Księżak

Geographia Polonica (1981) vol. 44, pp. 247-250 | Full text

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Agnieszka Zurkowa, Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization. Polish Academy of Sciences. Warsaw. Poland
Janusz Księżak [j.ksiez@twarda.pan.pl], Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization Polish Academy of Sciences, 00-818 Warsaw, Twarda 51/55, Poland

Differentiation in structure of education of urban population in Poland

Witold Kusiński

Geographia Polonica (1981) vol. 44, pp. 251-265 | Full text

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Witold Kusiński, Warsaw University. Warsaw. Poland