Geographia Polonica (1983) vol. 46

Agricultural typology and rural development

Articles

The typology of Australian agriculture

Peter Scott

Geographia Polonica (1983) vol. 46, pp. 7-20 | Full text

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Abstract:

It is not the purpose of this paper to report a largely unsuccessful application of world typology to Australia; rather is the purpose constructive. The paper there-fore examines selectively by reference to sample data on Australian rural holdings the variables used to define world types of commercial agriculture. On this basis the specified criteria are then modified to define Australian model types that are es-sentially Australian variants of the world types. At this stage the proposed typology should be regarded as provisional and macro-scale, for it will almost certainly undergo further modification as a result of an extended micro-scale analysis and the elaboration of subtypes. Moreover the criteria tentatively advanced to define the major types of Australian agriculture apply to only 85 per cent of the cases studied and only in respect of 85 per cent of the criteria. Further analysis should enable a revision of the criteria to have wider application.

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Peter Scott, Department of Geography, University of Tasmania, Hobart, Tasmania

The Malaysian region and the world typology of agriculture

R.d. Hill

Geographia Polonica (1983) vol. 46, pp. 21-48 | Full text

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R.d. Hill, Department of Geography and Geology, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong

A typology of agriculture: The Indian experience

Jasbir Singh

Geographia Polonica (1983) vol. 46, pp. 49-70 | Full text

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Abstract:

Kostrowicki (1976) has emphasised that agriculture as a whole should not be considered as a simple sum of its components but as a phenomenon of highly inter-related processes. Individual patterns made up of intricate and complex factors can at best be compared with each other on the basis of their common attributes or characteristics. Thereafter, multifeatured agricultural units can be grouped into a type according to similarities in their inherent characteristics. Out of the various inherent characteristics that form any agricultural type, one can distinguish the so-cial, production, operational and structural problems which are the most signi-ficant in a given situation. Such scientific investigations, by making use of geogra-phical thinking, mathematical models, and cartographic techniques will ultimately pave the way for the formulation of national (state) regional plans for the deve-lopment of the agricultural economy based on past and present experiences.

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Jasbir Singh, Department of Geography, Kurukshetra University, Haryana, India

A typological analysis of agriculture in the Rajasthan state

B.l. Sharma

Geographia Polonica (1983) vol. 46, pp. 71-78 | Full text

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B.l. Sharma, S.D. Government College, Beawar, Rajasthan, India

Agricultural typology: A case study of the Ajmer district (Rajasthan, India)

B.l. Sharma

Geographia Polonica (1983) vol. 46, pp. 79-82 | Full text

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B.l. Sharma, S.D. Government College, Beawar, Rajasthan, India

Types of agriculture in Norway by the typogram method: Notes on the problem of establishing commercialization

J A. B. Tschudi, H. Johansen

Geographia Polonica (1983) vol. 46, pp. 83-92 | Full text

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Abstract:

The purpose of this paper is to test the typogram method for the agrarian con-ditions of Norway by applying the 22 variables and the five classes of the 1974 model*. In Norway an agricultural census is made every tenth year. Our data were taken from the 1969 census. In calculating the scores in the table some data were got from other sources of the Central Bureau of Statistics, notably the results of annual sampling surveys. Aggregate data at county level were used on the assumption that this would be the most expedient for comparison on a world scale.

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J A. B. Tschudi, Institute of Geography, University of Oslo, Norway
H. Johansen, Institute of Geography, University of Oslo, Norway

The application of world agricultural typology to Finland

Kalevi Rikkinen, Tuula Vapaaoksa

Geographia Polonica (1983) vol. 46, pp. 93-106 | Full text

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Abstract:

Finland is situated within the same parallels of latitude as the southern parts of Greenland. Thus Finland can be regarded as one of the most northern agricul-tural countries in the world. Such a peripheral situation is interesting from the stand-point of global agricultural typology. How can the results of the Commission be applied to a region which greatly differs from the core areas of world agriculture?

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Kalevi Rikkinen, Department of Geography, University of Oulu, Finland
Tuula Vapaaoksa, Department of Geography, University of Oulu, Finland

Finnish farming: Typology and economics

Uuno Varjo

Geographia Polonica (1983) vol. 46, pp. 107-132 | Full text

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Uuno Varjo, Department of Geography, University of Oulu, Finland

Les types d'exploitations agricoles en Normandie

Yves Guermond

Geographia Polonica (1983) vol. 46, pp. 133-148 | Full text

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Yves Guermond, Institut de Géographie, M.T.G., Université de Rouen, Rouen, France

Un exemple d'hétérogénéité des "systèmes d'exploitation": les exploitations de Domecy s/Cure

Jacqueline Bonnamour

Geographia Polonica (1983) vol. 46, pp. 149-158 | Full text

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Jacqueline Bonnamour, Ecole Normale Supérieure, Fontenay-aux-Roses, France

Essai d'application des méthodes typologiques à l'étude comparée sur le développe-ment des agricultures belge et polonaise

Władysława Stola

Geographia Polonica (1983) vol. 46, pp. 159-174 | Full text

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Władysława Stola, Institut de Géographie et de l'Aménagement du Territoire. Académie Polonaise des Sciences. Varsovie. Pologne

Model types of world agriculture: Problems of definition and case identification

John William Aitchison

Geographia Polonica (1983) vol. 46, pp. 175-186 | Full text

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Abstract:

In his paper to the 1974 meeting cf the Commissicn cn Agricultural Typology Kostrowicki1 isolated a series of twenty-two variates deemed to be of diagnostic significance for the classification, and subsequent regionalization, cf world agricul-tural landscapes. Applying these defining characteristics to a laige sample cf ca-ses, culled from a miscellany of sources, also led him to propose a two-tier typolo-gy composed of fifty-three agricultural classes. Although there is no suggestion that these classes are exhaustive, or for that matter inviolable, it is clear that they are considered sufficiently distinctive and comprehensive to serve as archetypal templa-tes, against which newly derived case data can be matched for purposes cf classi-fication. It is to this matching or identification process and the problems associated with it that the present paper addresses itself.

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John William Aitchison, Department of Geography, University College of Wales, Aberystwyth, UK

Remarks about the J. W. Aitchison's report "Gower's general coefficient of si-milarity and the problem of case identification in agricultural typology"

Mirosław Paprzycki

Geographia Polonica (1983) vol. 46, pp. 187-188 | Full text

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Mirosław Paprzycki, Committee for Space Economy and Regional Planning, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw, Poland

Quel espace rural?

Pierre Brunet

Geographia Polonica (1983) vol. 46, pp. 189-192 | Full text

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Pierre Brunet, Département de Géographie, Université de Caen, France

Éléments de réfle-xion sur l'aménagement et l'espace rural en France

Jean-claude Bontron, Chantal Gillette, Nicole Mathieu, Jean-pierre Peyon, F. Plet, M.c. Robic

Geographia Polonica (1983) vol. 46, pp. 193-216 | Full text

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Jean-claude Bontron, Ecole Normale Supérieure, Fontenay-aux-Roscs, France
Chantal Gillette, Ecole Normale Supérieure, Fontenay-aux-Roscs, France
Nicole Mathieu, Ecole Normale Supérieure, Fontenay-aux-Roscs, France
Jean-pierre Peyon, Ecole Normale Supérieure, Fontenay-aux-Roscs, France
F. Plet, Ecole Normale Supérieure, Fontenay-aux-Roscs, France
M.c. Robic, Ecole Normale Supérieure, Fontenay-aux-Roscs, France

Functional classification of rural areas: Some Canadian examples

Michael Jon Troughton

Geographia Polonica (1983) vol. 46, pp. 217-228 | Full text

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Michael Jon Troughton, Department of Geography, University of Western Ontario, London, Canada

L'analyse des organisations rurales traditionnelles comme préalable à toute inter-vention: quelques enseignements tirés de l'exemple rifain

Gerard Fay

Geographia Polonica (1983) vol. 46, pp. 229-240 | Full text

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Gerard Fay, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Paris, France