Geographia Polonica (2018) vol. 91, iss. 3

Articles

East-Central European human geographers in English-dominated, Anglophone-based international publishing space

Artur Bajerski, Krzysztof Przygoński

Geographia Polonica (2018) vol. 91, iss. 3, pp. 265-280 | Full text
doi: https://doi.org/10.7163/GPol.0120

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Abstract:

A number of investigations have recently been devoted to the issues of inequalities in the international academicdiscourse. Hardly any of them concern, though, scholarly publishing practices and the actual utilizationof the scientific output of non-Anglophone geographers, especially those from regions undergoing a neoliberalturn in the management of tertiary education and science. The following article aims to partly fill the gapthrough a close bibliometric analysis of the participation of researchers from East-Central Europe in internationalhuman geography. The investigation makes use of information about articles published in 48 geographicaljournals indexed in Web of Science. The results of the examination reveal that the share of researchers from East-Central Europe in the international geographical discourse is rather inconsiderable. The geographersstruggle with the following problems: (1) publishing in a limited group of periodicals (concerning mostly theissues of Europe) coupled with a dearth of publications in important American and British societal journalsas well as the ones of a more radical orientation; (2) infrequent citations of their works as compared to thoseof Anglophone and Western European researchers. All this is accounted for, inter alia, by (1) the negativeimpact the socialist period had on the development of social sciences, (2) a poor command of English, (3)a research focus on well-established and ‘safe’ themes as well as (4) the mechanisms of the Anglophone dominancein science. Giving all these handicaps careful consideration, the authors formulate the idea of double publication policy aimed at ameliorating the discussed problems.

Keywords: East-Central Europe, geographers • bibliometric analysis, scientific communication, Anglophone domination, English language

Artur Bajerski [bajerski@amu.edu.pl], Institute of Socio-Economic Geography and Spatial Management Adam Mickiewicz University, Dzięgielowa 27, 61‑680 Poznań: Poland
Krzysztof Przygoński [k.przygonski@wp.pl], Department of Linguistic Applications in Management Czestochowa University of Technology, Armii Krajowej 19 B, 42‑200 Częstochowa: Poland

Population age structure transformation in the capitals of the Visegrad Group countries

Jana Ondačková, Marcela Káčerová, Jozef Mládek, Dagmar Popjaková, Michal Vančura

Geographia Polonica (2018) vol. 91, iss. 3, pp. 281-299 | Full text
doi: https://doi.org/10.7163/GPol.0121

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Abstract:

The study provides a compact view of population ageing in the capitals of the Visegrad Group (V4). Thetransformation of the age structure of urban populations is quantified within the context of the V4 countries –Czechia, Hungary, Poland and Slovakia. This assessment of the age structure transformation in the V4 capitals between 1980 and 2013 was carried out using Webb’s chart and hexagonal diagram methods. The evaluationof the demographic ageing of the urban populations brings substantial knowledge of the immanent differencesof the capitals. The similarities between Prague, Budapest and Warsaw and the specific development of Bratislava, was revealed.

Keywords: age structure, population ageing, capitals of the Visegrad Group countries

Jana Ondačková [j.ondackova@vupop.sk], Department of Remote Sensing of the Earth and Geoinformatics, Soil Science and Conservation Research Institute, Trenčianska 55, SK-821 09 Bratislava: Slovakia
Marcela Káčerová [marcela.kacerova@uniba.sk], Faculty of Natural Sciences, Department of Human Geography and Demography, Comenius University in Bratislava, Mlynská dolina, Ilkovičova 6, SK-84215 Bratislava: Slovakia
Jozef Mládek [mladek@pf.jcu.cz], Faculty of Education, Department of Geography, University of South Bohemia, Jeronýmova 10, CZ-37115 České Budějovice: Czechia
Dagmar Popjaková [dpopjakova@pf.jcu.cz], Faculty of Education, Department of Geography, University of South Bohemia, Jeronýmova 10, CZ-37115 České Budějovice: Czechia
Michal Vančura [vancura@pf.jcu.cz], Faculty of Education, Department of Geography, University of South Bohemia, Jeronýmova 10, CZ-37115 České Budějovice: Czechia

Cultural integration: Positive and negative perceptions (case of Tornio, Finland)

Ekaterina A. Shlapeko, Svetlana V. Stepanova

Geographia Polonica (2018) vol. 91, iss. 3, pp. 301-315 | Full text
doi: https://doi.org/10.7163/GPol.0122

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Abstract:

Increase in the migration flows has become a challenge in the world today. In Finland there is considerable shift in the number of migrants from Africa and the Middle East countries. The paper is based on the sociological research conducted in August-September, 2016 in Tornio (Finland). The empirical observations were gained from the interviews with 12 migrants and the questionnaires on the city Tornio attractiveness (73 locals) and the human mobility challenges (89 locals). The obtained results highlight the significant role of the communication activities with the joint participation of locals and newcomers in understanding each others’ culture,decreasing negative perceptions and reactions in the integration process.

Keywords: cultural integration, migration, newcomer, asylum seeker, host community, Tornio

Ekaterina A. Shlapeko [shlapeko_kate@mail.ru], Institute of Economics, Karelian Research Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 50 A. Nevskogo st., Petrozavodsk 185030, Republic of Karelia: Russia
Svetlana V. Stepanova [svkorka@mail.ru], Institute of Economics, Karelian Research Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 50 A. Nevskogo st., Petrozavodsk 185030, Republic of Karelia: Russia

Demographic processes in Poland in the years 1946-2016 and their consequences for local development: Current state and research perspectives

Przemysław Śleszyński, Rafał Wiśniewski, Barbara Szejgiec-Kolenda

Geographia Polonica (2018) vol. 91, iss. 3, pp. 317-334 | Full text
doi: https://doi.org/10.7163/GPol.0123

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Abstract:

The article presents the main topics and evolution of scholars' views on the impact of demographic phenomena and processes on broadly understood local development in Poland. The seventy-year post-war period (1946‑2016) was examined. First, three categories of demographic changes were identified and analysed: (1) demographic development and population concentration (2) depopulation processes and (3) population ageing. Next, the impact of these changes on socio-economic development, mainly on a local scale, was established. The following topics were taken into account: social insurance system, labour markets, consumer demand, demand for public services, impact of population change on local spatial development and planning,and local government public finance.

Keywords: demographic processes, local development, urbanisation, depopulation, population ageing

Przemysław Śleszyński [psleszyn@twarda.pan.pl], Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization, Polish Academy of Sciences, Twarda 51/55, 00‑818 Warsaw: Poland
Rafał Wiśniewski [rafwis@twada.pan.pl], Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization, Polish Academy of Sciences, Twarda 51/55, 00‑818 Warsaw: Poland
Barbara Szejgiec-Kolenda [b.szejgiec@twarda.pan.pl], Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization, Polish Academy of Sciences, Twarda 51/55, 00‑818 Warsaw: Poland

The role of creative economy in the realization of a creative city: A case study of the city of Meybod in Yazd Province, Iran

Ali Bagheri Kashkouli, Asghar Zarabi, Mir Najaf Mousavi

Geographia Polonica (2018) vol. 91, iss. 3, pp. 335-351 | Full text
doi: https://doi.org/10.7163/GPol.0124

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Abstract:

In a society, cities are the centers of human interactions, creativity, knowledge, diversity, culture, commerce and economic creativity. Owing to the importance of innovation, knowledge acquisition, and the increased recognition by the government in Iran, many cities have developed strategies and implemented programs to improve their ‘innovative milieus’ and to attract ‘creative people’ in creative industries in order to aid the restructuring and growth of their economy. This paper is a case study serving as a contribution to the current research in the field of small cities, with a focus on the city of Meybod, Yazd. The research examines the factors affecting the attraction and retention of creative people and creative businesses in Meybod, based on the data collected from the Statistical Center of Iran, the management and planning organization of Yazd province, government reports, and key informant interviews. The findings reveal that the attraction of creative people and creative businesses is a complex process. Affordability and livability turned out as the primary drivers of attraction, supported by specific qualities of community and place. Small regional cities exhibit unique inherent characteristics that can attract creative people. It is a key task for governments to leverage such characteristics in their policy making.

Keywords: economic components, creative industries, creative city, small cities, Meybod, Yazd Province, Iran

Ali Bagheri Kashkouli [a.bagheri@geo.ui.ac.ir], Department of Geography and Planning Sciences University of Isfahan
Asghar Zarabi [a.zarabi@geo.ui.ac.ir], Department of Geography and Planning Sciences University of Isfahan
Mir Najaf Mousavi [mousavi424@yahoo.com], Urmia University

Land acquisition and land value capture instruments as determinants of public urban infrastructure provision: A comparison of the Polish legal framework with its German counterpart

Tomasz Zaborowski

Geographia Polonica (2018) vol. 91, iss. 3, pp. 353-369 | Full text
doi: https://doi.org/10.7163/GPol.0125

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Abstract:

Prior to the approval of the Urban Regeneration Act 2015 (UR 2015) the Polish land management system did not provide sufficient quantity and quality of public urban infrastructure. Along with land-use planning, inefficient land acquisition and land value capture frameworks may be blamed for this situation. This paper aims at estimating the extent of progressive change of the Polish law amendments made by the UR act by applying a benchmark of relevant German legal regulations. Identified changes have developed the Polish toolkit of urban infrastructure provision, but effective and comprehensive frameworks of land readjustment and infrastructure-based betterment levies are still missing.

Keywords: land management, planning framework, land-use planning, land value capture, Poland, Germany, urban infrastructure

Tomasz Zaborowski [t.zaborowski@uw.edu.pl], Faculty of Geography and Regional Studies University of Warsaw Krakowskie Przedmieście 30, 00‑927 Warsaw: Poland