Geographia Polonica

Geographia Polonica has been published since 1964; in the years 1964–1998 as a serial publication. Since 1999 – as a journal with two issues per year (Spring and Autumn), and since 2012 there are four issues per year (March, July, October, December). Contributions to the journal on both human and physical geography topics as well as related fields (e.g. urban and regional planning, ecology) should be submitted to the Editor. Papers dealing with Central and Eastern Europe are particularly welcomed.


CALL FOR PAPERS: Borders in Central and Eastern Europe

tl_files/igipz/ZPZ/GP/map.gifThe objective of this coming issue of GEOGRAPHIA POLONICA is to come back over the borders and cross-border relationships, in a context where the traditional representation of borders seen as the ground for categorization and delimitation is now questioned by multiple flows processes, dynamics and changes.

Political and socio-economic changes in Central and Eastern Europe has deeply transformed existence and functioning of borders and borderland areas. General systemic changes in Central Europe help with the use of endogenous potential, which can be modified through an uncovering of new resources and innovations. Increases in traffic: international, cross-border and national, help in the development of new economy that services it, both in “old” border regions and in new emerging cross-border regions. This processes are supported by economic and social changes that help increase the significance of development of borderlands. Given wise policies and investments, these processes become impulses behind the appearance and increase of new cross-border relationships. European Union funding (funds) has been the main component to investments in the borderland areas in many CEE regions. At the same time new crated interactions are becoming a primary focus of transboundary collaboration and integration.

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Geographia Polonica appreciated by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education

tl_files/igipz/ZPZ/GP/mse.jpgOn 23 December, the Ministry of Science and Higher Education announced a new list of scientific journals, along with the number of points awarded for articles in these journals.  With pleasure and great satisfaction we announce that Geographia Polonica has received the highest score, which is 15 points. It is the highest possible score for a Polish journal outside of the  Philadelphia List, but also the absolute highest possible score for a general geographical periodical. It is worth noting that our magazine has the highest metrics of Polish general geographical periodicals in Scopus database (SJR and IPP).We hope that this is another step to strengthen position of Geographia Polonica also on the international area.

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Geographia Polonica: A window onto the world. An interview with Professor Leszek Antoni Kosiński - IN POLISH

tl_files/gp/kosinski.jpgTo mark the 50th anniversary of Geographia Polonica, we are publishing an interview with Professor Leszek Antoni Kosiński, who was a member of its first editorial team. The interview with Professor Kosiński became an opportunity to talk about the work and successes of Polish geographers on the international stage after the Second World War, and to consider the origins as well as ways of achieving those successes, which are still relevant today. This is a Polish version of the interview. English version is available here.

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Current Issue

Geographia Polonica (2016) vol. 89, iss. 2


Investigating openness of the cultural landscape: a methodological proposal

Joanna Plit, Urszula Myga-Piątek2

Geographia Polonica (2016) vol. 89, iss. 2, pp. 1

Further information


Openness and closure, understood as a physiognomic property of landscape, characterises the possibility of observing far out horizons and broad vistas. The degree of openness of landscape can be treated as a synthetic indicator of the evolution of the natural-cultural environment. A change in the degree of openness / closure of landscape is a lengthy historical-cultural process, lasting hundreds or even thousands of years. It has different course and dynamics in various climatic and vegetation zones. This process displays fluctuations, depends upon the population number inhabiting a given area, technological advancement, ways of economic management, historical events, and numerous other factors. It is also conditioned by the natural processes. The purpose of the present article is to propose and describe a method of assessment and interpretation of the degree of actual openness of the cultural landscape and to discuss the results obtained, and of comparing the methodology proposed with analogous European elaborates. The average percentage of openness of landscape was assessed according to five classes. The proposed method was tested in Poland areas. The source base for the study was constituted by the satellite images, Corine Land Cover maps, made legible through comparison with the land use maps presenting the state as of the turn of the 21st century. The method here proposed allows for the assessment of the continuous variability of landscapes, expressing the gradient from open to closed landscapes.

Keywords: landscape physiognomy, indicator of openness, closure of landscape, Poland

Joanna Plit [], Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization Polish Academy of Sciences, 00-818 Warsaw, Twarda 51/55, Poland

Residential segregation of metropolitan areas of Warsaw, Berlin and Paris

Barbara Jaczewska, Anna Grzegorczyk

Geographia Polonica (2016) vol. 89, iss. 2, pp. 2

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The aim of the work detailed in this article has been to indicate demographic and social categories to the greatest extent segregated in the three selected metropolitan areas of Warsaw, Berlin and Paris, by applying multidimensional analysis; as well as to answer a question as to whether these categories are similar or different, given the different circumstances underpinning the development of the areas under study. The metropolitan areas were selected from Central Europe (Warsaw), Western Europe (Paris), and from the area located in the borderland between these regions (Berlin). in the case of each area, typical categories were selected for analysis, and developed on the basis of accepted segregation indices (the dissimilarity index D, isolation index xPx, delta index DEL, absolute centralisation index ACE, spatial proximity index SP and modified location quotient LQp). The multidimensional and multifaceted analysis allowed the most segregated groups at municipality and district levels to be distinguished, and presented in the context of previous research.

Keywords: residential segregation, spatial segregation, metropolitan area, Warsaw, Berlin, Paris

Selected problems of contemporary socio-spatial changes in peri-urban areas of the city of Łódź (Poland)

Marcin Wójcik

Geographia Polonica (2016) vol. 89, iss. 2, pp. 3

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The main aim of this paper is attempt to identify the effects of social and spatial transition in a specific area of peri-urban rural municipalities associated with large Polish cities (in this case: Łódź).The issues of social, economic, as well as landscape transformations of peri-urban areas are discussed very frequently in geographic, sociological and architectural studies. Unlike macro-scale studies, both Polish and foreign, micro-scale studies have shown that differences are even greater and concern neighbouring areas. As a result of the influx of new residents to suburbanising villages, long-time communities of agrarian origin evolve towards social and spatial disintegration. The different ways of life are manifested in different behaviour patterns and levels of territorial identity. Examples of studies on the evaluation of the local living environment show that the social coherence of the countryside is gradually weakening, resulting mostly from more and more varied lifestyles, social needs, and expectations towards their place of residence.

Keywords: peri-urban area, rural settlements, socio-spatial processes, Łódź Metropolitan Area

Marcin Wójcik, University of Łódź Faculty of Geographical Sciences Department of Regional and Human Geography Kopcińskiego 31 92-143 Łódź

The Geography of crime in Poland and its interrelationship with other fields of study

Stanisław Mordwa

Geographia Polonica (2016) vol. 89, iss. 2, pp. 4

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The paper discusses a range of areas, including a critical assessment of the state and accomplishments of Polish geography of crime; the theoretical and methodological achievements of various academic fields and disciplines that contribute to research into crime; and the underutilisation by Polish geographers of worldwide scientific achievements in this area. The paper outlines the interpretative possibilities extensively developed within other academic disciplines and pertaining to the study of crime that are now open to geographers.

Keywords: state of Polish geography of crime, achievements of Polish geography of crime, geography of crime – interrelations with other disciplines

Stanisław Mordwa, Department of the Built Environment and Spatial Policy University of Łódź Faculty of Geographical Sciences Kopcińskiego 31, 90-142 Łódź: Poland

Relations of geography with other disciplines: A bibliometric analysis

Krzysztof Stachowiak, Artur Bajerski

Geographia Polonica (2016) vol. 89, iss. 2, pp. 5

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The aim of this article was to examine the relations of physical and human geography with selected disciplines of natural and exact sciences as well as social sciences. The results shows that: (1) the position of geography among other disciplines is relatively high, however the relative position of human geography in social sciences is higher than that of physical geography in natural and exact sciences, (2) both geographical disciplines show an adverse 'trade balance' in scientific exchange, (3) human geography is more 'introverted', (4) relations between human geography and other disciplines are stronger than in the case of physical geography.

Keywords: geography, bibliometric analysis, journals, citations

Krzysztof Stachowiak, Institute of Socio-Economic Geography and Spatial Management Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań Dzięgielowa 2, 61-680 Poznań: Poland
Artur Bajerski, Institute of Socio-Economic Geography and Spatial Management Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań Dzięgielowa 2, 61-680 Poznań: Poland

The role of competences for geography higher education in university-to-work transition

Danuta Piróg

Geographia Polonica (2016) vol. 89, iss. 2, pp. 6

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The objective of the article is to empirically verify the impact of assessing one’s own competences on the transition of recent university geography graduates from education to employment. The article also looks at the role of competences in predicting graduates’ situation on the job market. A Poland-wide survey (N=1120) was conducted which collected detailed data on self-assessment of one’s competences by students nearing graduation. A follow-up survey six months after graduation showed that only a high assessment of one’s own specialised competences had a somewhat significant impact on finding a job that would match one’s degree, pay reasonably well and give independence in exercising one’s duties at work. Discriminant function analysis was used to establish that the skills which had the greatest impact on whether the geographer remains unemployed or finds employment included socio-emotional and generic competences such as public speaking, team cooperation, precision, attention to detail and interpersonal communication skills. The research suggests, however, that given the current situation on the Polish labour market, these competences are not a key determining feature in the respondents’ transition to employment. Moreover, the set of competences does not comprise of variables that allow us to easily predict graduates’ situation on the labour market.

Keywords: competences, graduate, geography, higher education, labour market, transition

Danuta Piróg, Faculty of Geography Pedagogical University ofin Kraków, – Poland ul. Podchorążych 2, 30-084 Kraków

Project Report

Modelling of the social, economic and spatial transformations in the Province of Masovia

Jan W. Owsiński, Przemysław Śleszyński

Geographia Polonica (2016) vol. 89, iss. 2, pp. 7

Further information


Przemysław Śleszyński [], Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization Polish Academy of Sciences Twarda 51/55, 00-818 Warsaw: Poland

Book review

The war of the geographers. A political scientist’s remarks

Kazimierz Wóycicki

Geographia Polonica (2016) vol. 89, iss. 2, pp. 8

Further information


Briesewitz G., 2014

Raum und Nation in der polnischen Westforschung 1918-1948

Osnabrück: fibre Verlag

Paperback, 526 pages

ISBN 978-3-944870-03-8

Reviewed by Kazimierz Wóycicki


Kazimierz Wóycicki, The Centre for East European Studies University of Warsaw Krakowskie Przedmiescie 26/28, 00-927 Warsaw: Poland

In memoriam

In Memory of Professor Zbyszko Chojnicki

Teresa Czyż

Geographia Polonica (2016) vol. 89, iss. 2, pp. 9

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Teresa Czyż []

In Memory of Professor Antoni Kukliński

Piotr Eberhardt

Geographia Polonica (2016) vol. 89, iss. 2, pp. 10

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Poland on maps

Population change and population ageing in Poland between 1960 and 2011

Rafał Wiśniewski, Barbara Szejgiec-Kolenda, Przemysław Śleszyński

Geographia Polonica (2016) vol. 89, iss. 2, pp. 11

Further information


The paper presents a study of changes in the overall population of Poland and in the number and proportion of the 60+ age group. Popular census data spanning the period 1960-2011 was analysed at the level of commune-equivalent units (LAU 2). The study identified 9 types of communes based on two criteria: absolute population change and the proportion of the 60+ age group.

Keywords: population ageing, depopulation, concentration, demographic typology

Rafał Wiśniewski [], Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization Polish Academy of Sciences Twarda 51/55, 00‑818 Warsaw: Poland
Barbara Szejgiec-Kolenda [], Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization Polish Academy of Sciences 00-818 Warsaw Twarda 51/55, Poland
Przemysław Śleszyński [], Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization Polish Academy of Sciences Twarda 51/55, 00-818 Warsaw: Poland