Geographia Polonica

Geographia Polonica has been published since 1964; in the years 1964–1998 as a serial publication. Since 1999 – as a journal with two issues per year (Spring and Autumn), and since 2012 there are four issues per year (March, July, October, December). Contributions to the journal on both human and physical geography topics as well as related fields (e.g. urban and regional planning, ecology) should be submitted to the Editor. Papers dealing with Central and Eastern Europe are particularly welcomed.

News

CALL FOR PAPERS: Tourism Transitions, Changes and Creation of New Spaces and Places in Europe

GUEST EDITORS: Jarkko SAARINEN and Marek WIĘCKOWSKI

Authors interested in contributing to the issue should submit a proposal
by May 18th, 2018.

The Special issue of GEOGRAPHIA POLONICA focuses on the ongoing changes and transformations of tourism spaces and places in Europe and the impact of socio-political and economic transitions on tourism. The past two or three decades have been characterized by complex and multi-scalar changes and processes, which have brought about a restructuring and revisioning of spaces and places where tourism activities do now and will take place in the future. In Central and Eastern Europe (CEE), especially, the political and socio-economic changes that crystallized in 1990s have deeply transformed the nature, functioning and development of tourism places and spaces. These processes of change have been partially guided by the European Union and its various funding sources targeting regional and local development in rural, urban and cross-border contexts. At the same time we have observed a transformation from a planning economy to the free market economy which has had an important implications for tourism development and its spatial structure in the CEE.

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CALL FOR PAPERS: Ruining/demolishing and regeneration of urban space

      The overview of literature on spatial, social and cultural transformations in cities allowed us to  put forward the following hypothesis: Demolition/ruining process of cities is a regular part of their history, consists in irrevocable damage to spatial, functional and above all social structure irrespective of time, place and reasons behind it. Under specific circumstances such actions may become rational elements of urban transformations, which support revitalization, urban regeneration and sustainable development. Whether ruining/demolishing is destructive or constructive to a city depends on physical, geographical, economic, geopolitical, ideological and cultural context.  
     Ruining/demolition as a tool of urban regeneration allows to introduce radical improvement of the degraded areas and to restore of their social value, ie to improve the quality of spatial organization, to ensure a proper structure of functions, to improve living conditions, and to stabilize positive relationships among different user groups.

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Current Issue

Geographia Polonica (2018) vol. 91, iss. 3

Articles

East-Central European human geographers in English-dominated, Anglophone-based international publishing space

Artur Bajerski, Krzysztof Przygoński

Geographia Polonica (2018) vol. 91, iss. 3, pp. 265-280 | Full text
doi: https://doi.org/10.7163/GPol.0120

Further information

Abstract:

A number of investigations have recently been devoted to the issues of inequalities in the international academicdiscourse. Hardly any of them concern, though, scholarly publishing practices and the actual utilizationof the scientific output of non-Anglophone geographers, especially those from regions undergoing a neoliberalturn in the management of tertiary education and science. The following article aims to partly fill the gapthrough a close bibliometric analysis of the participation of researchers from East-Central Europe in internationalhuman geography. The investigation makes use of information about articles published in 48 geographicaljournals indexed in Web of Science. The results of the examination reveal that the share of researchers from East-Central Europe in the international geographical discourse is rather inconsiderable. The geographersstruggle with the following problems: (1) publishing in a limited group of periodicals (concerning mostly theissues of Europe) coupled with a dearth of publications in important American and British societal journalsas well as the ones of a more radical orientation; (2) infrequent citations of their works as compared to thoseof Anglophone and Western European researchers. All this is accounted for, inter alia, by (1) the negativeimpact the socialist period had on the development of social sciences, (2) a poor command of English, (3)a research focus on well-established and ‘safe’ themes as well as (4) the mechanisms of the Anglophone dominancein science. Giving all these handicaps careful consideration, the authors formulate the idea of double publication policy aimed at ameliorating the discussed problems.

Keywords: East-Central Europe, geographers • bibliometric analysis, scientific communication, Anglophone domination, English language

Artur Bajerski [bajerski@amu.edu.pl], Institute of Socio-Economic Geography and Spatial Management Adam Mickiewicz University, Dzięgielowa 27, 61‑680 Poznań: Poland
Krzysztof Przygoński [k.przygonski@wp.pl], Department of Linguistic Applications in Management Czestochowa University of Technology, Armii Krajowej 19 B, 42‑200 Częstochowa: Poland

Population age structure transformation in the capitals of the Visegrad Group countries

Jana Ondačková, Marcela Káčerová, Jozef Mládek, Dagmar Popjaková, Michal Vančura

Geographia Polonica (2018) vol. 91, iss. 3, pp. 281-299 | Full text
doi: https://doi.org/10.7163/GPol.0121

Further information

Abstract:

The study provides a compact view of population ageing in the capitals of the Visegrad Group (V4). Thetransformation of the age structure of urban populations is quantified within the context of the V4 countries –Czechia, Hungary, Poland and Slovakia. This assessment of the age structure transformation in the V4 capitals between 1980 and 2013 was carried out using Webb’s chart and hexagonal diagram methods. The evaluationof the demographic ageing of the urban populations brings substantial knowledge of the immanent differencesof the capitals. The similarities between Prague, Budapest and Warsaw and the specific development of Bratislava, was revealed.

Keywords: age structure, population ageing, capitals of the Visegrad Group countries

Jana Ondačková [j.ondackova@vupop.sk], Department of Remote Sensing of the Earth and Geoinformatics, Soil Science and Conservation Research Institute, Trenčianska 55, SK-821 09 Bratislava: Slovakia
Marcela Káčerová [marcela.kacerova@uniba.sk], Faculty of Natural Sciences, Department of Human Geography and Demography, Comenius University in Bratislava, Mlynská dolina, Ilkovičova 6, SK-84215 Bratislava: Slovakia
Jozef Mládek [mladek@pf.jcu.cz], Faculty of Education, Department of Geography, University of South Bohemia, Jeronýmova 10, CZ-37115 České Budějovice: Czechia
Dagmar Popjaková [dpopjakova@pf.jcu.cz], Faculty of Education, Department of Geography, University of South Bohemia, Jeronýmova 10, CZ-37115 České Budějovice: Czechia
Michal Vančura [vancura@pf.jcu.cz], Faculty of Education, Department of Geography, University of South Bohemia, Jeronýmova 10, CZ-37115 České Budějovice: Czechia

Cultural integration: Positive and negative perceptions (case of Tornio, Finland)

Ekaterina A. Shlapeko, Svetlana V. Stepanova

Geographia Polonica (2018) vol. 91, iss. 3, pp. 301-315 | Full text
doi: https://doi.org/10.7163/GPol.0122

Further information

Abstract:

Increase in the migration flows has become a challenge in the world today. In Finland there is considerable shift in the number of migrants from Africa and the Middle East countries. The paper is based on the sociological research conducted in August-September, 2016 in Tornio (Finland). The empirical observations were gained from the interviews with 12 migrants and the questionnaires on the city Tornio attractiveness (73 locals) and the human mobility challenges (89 locals). The obtained results highlight the significant role of the communication activities with the joint participation of locals and newcomers in understanding each others’ culture,decreasing negative perceptions and reactions in the integration process.

Keywords: cultural integration, migration, newcomer, asylum seeker, host community, Tornio

Ekaterina A. Shlapeko [shlapeko_kate@mail.ru], Institute of Economics, Karelian Research Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 50 A. Nevskogo st., Petrozavodsk 185030, Republic of Karelia: Russia
Svetlana V. Stepanova [svkorka@mail.ru], Institute of Economics, Karelian Research Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 50 A. Nevskogo st., Petrozavodsk 185030, Republic of Karelia: Russia

Demographic processes in Poland in the years 1946-2016 and their consequences for local development: Current state and research perspectives

Przemysław Śleszyński, Rafał Wiśniewski, Barbara Szejgiec-Kolenda

Geographia Polonica (2018) vol. 91, iss. 3, pp. 317-334 | Full text
doi: https://doi.org/10.7163/GPol.0123

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Abstract:

The article presents the main topics and evolution of scholars' views on the impact of demographic phenomena and processes on broadly understood local development in Poland. The seventy-year post-war period (1946‑2016) was examined. First, three categories of demographic changes were identified and analysed: (1) demographic development and population concentration (2) depopulation processes and (3) population ageing. Next, the impact of these changes on socio-economic development, mainly on a local scale, was established. The following topics were taken into account: social insurance system, labour markets, consumer demand, demand for public services, impact of population change on local spatial development and planning,and local government public finance.

Keywords: demographic processes, local development, urbanisation, depopulation, population ageing

Przemysław Śleszyński [psleszyn@twarda.pan.pl], Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization, Polish Academy of Sciences, Twarda 51/55, 00‑818 Warsaw: Poland
Rafał Wiśniewski [rafwis@twada.pan.pl], Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization, Polish Academy of Sciences, Twarda 51/55, 00‑818 Warsaw: Poland
Barbara Szejgiec-Kolenda [b.szejgiec@twarda.pan.pl], Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization, Polish Academy of Sciences, Twarda 51/55, 00‑818 Warsaw: Poland

The role of creative economy in the realization of a creative city: A case study of the city of Meybod in Yazd Province, Iran

Ali Bagheri Kashkouli, Asghar Zarabi, Mir Najaf Mousavi

Geographia Polonica (2018) vol. 91, iss. 3, pp. 335-351 | Full text
doi: https://doi.org/10.7163/GPol.0124

Further information

Abstract:

In a society, cities are the centers of human interactions, creativity, knowledge, diversity, culture, commerce and economic creativity. Owing to the importance of innovation, knowledge acquisition, and the increased recognition by the government in Iran, many cities have developed strategies and implemented programs to improve their ‘innovative milieus’ and to attract ‘creative people’ in creative industries in order to aid the restructuring and growth of their economy. This paper is a case study serving as a contribution to the current research in the field of small cities, with a focus on the city of Meybod, Yazd. The research examines the factors affecting the attraction and retention of creative people and creative businesses in Meybod, based on the data collected from the Statistical Center of Iran, the management and planning organization of Yazd province, government reports, and key informant interviews. The findings reveal that the attraction of creative people and creative businesses is a complex process. Affordability and livability turned out as the primary drivers of attraction, supported by specific qualities of community and place. Small regional cities exhibit unique inherent characteristics that can attract creative people. It is a key task for governments to leverage such characteristics in their policy making.

Keywords: economic components, creative industries, creative city, small cities, Meybod, Yazd Province, Iran

Ali Bagheri Kashkouli [a.bagheri@geo.ui.ac.ir], Department of Geography and Planning Sciences University of Isfahan
Asghar Zarabi [a.zarabi@geo.ui.ac.ir], Department of Geography and Planning Sciences University of Isfahan
Mir Najaf Mousavi [mousavi424@yahoo.com], Urmia University

Land acquisition and land value capture instruments as determinants of public urban infrastructure provision: A comparison of the Polish legal framework with its German counterpart

Tomasz Zaborowski

Geographia Polonica (2018) vol. 91, iss. 3, pp. 353-369 | Full text
doi: https://doi.org/10.7163/GPol.0125

Further information

Abstract:

Prior to the approval of the Urban Regeneration Act 2015 (UR 2015) the Polish land management system did not provide sufficient quantity and quality of public urban infrastructure. Along with land-use planning, inefficient land acquisition and land value capture frameworks may be blamed for this situation. This paper aims at estimating the extent of progressive change of the Polish law amendments made by the UR act by applying a benchmark of relevant German legal regulations. Identified changes have developed the Polish toolkit of urban infrastructure provision, but effective and comprehensive frameworks of land readjustment and infrastructure-based betterment levies are still missing.

Keywords: land management, planning framework, land-use planning, land value capture, Poland, Germany, urban infrastructure

Tomasz Zaborowski [t.zaborowski@uw.edu.pl], Faculty of Geography and Regional Studies University of Warsaw Krakowskie Przedmieście 30, 00‑927 Warsaw: Poland