Geographia Polonica

Geographia Polonica has been published since 1964; in the years 1964–1998 as a serial publication. Since 1999 – as a journal with two issues per year (Spring and Autumn), and since 2012 there are four issues per year. Contributions to the journal on both human and physical geography topics as well as related fields (e.g. urban and regional planning, ecology) should be submitted to the Editor. Papers dealing with Central and Eastern Europe are particularly welcomed.

News

CALL FOR PAPERS: Central and Eastern Europe a quarter of a century after the fall of the Iron Curtain. The outcome of change.

tl_files/igipz/ZPZ/foto_news/mur.jpgThe political breakthrough in 1989 set in motion a range of processes that would fundamentally transform the organisation and functioning of spatial systems across Central Europe. More than two decades later, we want to take stock of this broad-ranging change in their social, economic and environmental dimensions.  A volume entitled “Central and Eastern Europe a quarter of a century after the fall of the Iron Curtain. The outcome of change” is planned as a comprehensive analysis and evaluation of the phenomena, processes and patterns that emerged in the post-communist EU member states.

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CALL FOR PAPERS: Tourism and Transition in a Time of Change

tl_files/igipz/ZPZ/foto_news/turystyka.jpgThe IGU Commission on Tourism, Leisure and Global Change, in cooperation with the Polish Geographical Society, IGiPZ PAN and GEOGRAPHIA POLONICA is using the occasion of the IGU 2014 Regional Conference in Krakow to organize the conference (pre-conference meeting) entitled “Tourism and Transition in a Time of Change”. The conference will be held in Southern Poland (13-17 August 2014). The conference will start and end in Krakow. During the conference participants are transferred to the Pieniny Mts at the Polish-Slovak border.

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Geographia Polonica is running an INDEX PLUS project

INDEX PLUS is a programme launched by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education to support projects bringing Polish academic journals to the international market. In 2012 a total of 88 projects received more than 11 million zlotys in funding and Geographia Polonica was proud to be the only geographical periodical in this elite group.

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Current Issue

Geographia Polonica (2014) vol. 87, iss. 1

Articles

Road accessibility to tourist destinations of the Polish-Slovak borderland: 2010-2030 prediction and planning

Marek Więckowski, Daniel Michniak, Maria Bednarek-Szczepańska, Branislav Chrenka, Vladimir Ira, Tomasz Komornicki, Piotr Rosik, Marcin Stępniak, Vladimir Szekely, Przemysław Śleszyński, Dariusz Świątek, Rafał Wiśniewski

Geographia Polonica (2014) vol. 87, iss. 1, pp. 5-26 | Full text
doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.7163/GPol.2014.1

Further information

Abstract:

An essential requirement for the development, not only of tourism but also of most sectors of economy, is the development of transport infrastructure and adequate accessibility of areas. Accessibility is an important element for tourism development. The Polish-Slovak borderland is currently suffering from inadequate routes to the region and cross-border connections because of the mountains. The borderland are characterised by the poor accessibility and bad condition of the roads. Unfortunately, tourism development analyses and studies carried out over recent decades in Poland and Slovakia have not addressed the problems. The aims of the article was to analyse the Polish-Slovak borderland road accessibility and the key transport solutions required for successful road development. The article presents the results of the analysis on road accessibility to the tourist destinations on the Polish-Slovak borderland. Opportunities for enhancing tourist potential through improved road accessibility of the borderland and new road investments are noted. The accessibility of the area was calculated separately for general tourism, and medium-term tourism (long weekends, 2-4 days) in two years: 2010 and 2030.

Keywords: road accessibility, road transport, time-based accessibility, tourist development, regional development, demand, isochrones, potential model, Carpathians, Polish-Slovak borderland

Marek Więckowski [marekw@twarda.pan.pl], Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization Polish Academy of Sciences Twarda 51/55, 00‑818 Warsaw: Poland
Daniel Michniak [geogmich@savba.sk], Institute of Geography Slovak Academy of Sciences Stefánikova 49, 814 73 Bratislava: Slovakia
Maria Bednarek-Szczepańska [bednarek@twarda.pan.pl], Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization Polish Academy of Sciences Twarda 51/55, 00‑818 Warsaw: Poland
Branislav Chrenka [chrenka@sacr.sk], Institute of Geography Slovak Academy of Sciences Stefánikova 49, 814 73 Bratislava: Slovakia
Vladimir Ira [geogira@savba.sk], Institute of Geography Slovak Academy of Sciences Stefánikova 49, 814 73 Bratislava: Slovakia
Tomasz Komornicki [t.komorn@twarda.pan.pl], Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization Polish Academy of Sciences Twarda 51/55, 00‑818 Warsaw: Poland
Piotr Rosik [rosik@twarda.pan.pl], Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization Polish Academy of Sciences Twarda 51/55, 00‑818 Warsaw: Poland
Marcin Stępniak [stepniak@twarda.pan.pl], Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization Polish Academy of Sciences Twarda 51/55, 00‑818 Warsaw: Poland
Vladimir Szekely [geogszek@savba.sk], Institute of Geography Slovak Academy of Sciences Stefánikova 49, 814 73 Bratislava: Slovakia
Przemysław Śleszyński [psleszyn@twarda.pan.pl], Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization Polish Academy of Sciences Twarda 51/55, 00-818 Warsaw: Poland
Dariusz Świątek [swiatekd@twarda.pan.pl], Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization Polish Academy of Sciences Twarda 51/55, 00‑818 Warsaw: Poland
Rafał Wiśniewski [rafwis@twarda.pan.pl], Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization Polish Academy of Sciences Twarda 51/55, 00‑818 Warsaw: Poland

The contemporary situation of Polish minority in Lithuania and Lithuanian minority in Poland from the institutional perspective

Marek Barwiński, Katarzyna Leśniewska

Geographia Polonica (2014) vol. 87, iss. 1, pp. 27-46 | Full text
doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.7163/GPol.2014.2

Further information

Abstract:

Contemporary Polish-Lithuanian relations are heavily burdened by radically different assessments of the situations of the national minorities in the two countries, i.e. Poles in Lithuania and Lithuanians in Poland. However, assessments are fraught with difficulties reflecting a complicated history and the different potentials of the two minorities, and also warped by a great many stereotypes. The main aim of this paper is to compare the situations of the Polish minority in Lithuania and the Lithuanian minority in Poland by reference to criteria that are objective (demographic potential, legal status, organisational activity, education) or subjective (the opinions of leaders of national organisations), as well as to attempt to determine how the different situations of the two minorities affects their relations with the authorities, the majority and the foreign homeland.

Keywords: ethnic geography, national minorities, interstate relations, Polish minority, Lithuanian minority, Polish-Lithuanian relations

Marek Barwiński, Department of Political Geography and Regional Studies Faculty of Geographical Sciences, University of Lodz
Katarzyna Leśniewska, Department of Political Geography and Regional Studies Faculty of Geographical Sciences, University of Lodz

The spatial and nationality aspects of depopulation in the European part of the Russian Federation

Rafał Wiśniewski

Geographia Polonica (2014) vol. 87, iss. 1, pp. 47-60 | Full text
doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.7163/GPol.2014.3

Further information

Abstract:

The paper introduces the results of a statistical analysis of two components of depopulation, movement through migration and the natural growth of population in the European part of the Russian Federation during the period 1990-2010. The analysis also involves a breakdown by nationality, which is seen to be a driver of quantitative change. A typology analysis is presented with consideration given to trends to demographic growth or decline. The outcome of an analysis via Webb’s typology indicates that depopulation occurs due to natural decline with an increasing role of migration as a driver of depopulation.

Keywords: depopulation, natural growth and decline, migration, nationalities and ethnic relations, Webb's typology, Russian Federation

Rafał Wiśniewski [rafwis@twarda.pan.pl], Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization Polish Academy of Sciences Twarda 51/55, 00‑818 Warsaw: Poland

Distribution of population density in Polish towns and cities

Przemysław Śleszyński

Geographia Polonica (2014) vol. 87, iss. 1, pp. 61-77 | Full text
doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.7163/GPol.2014.4

Further information

Abstract:

This article presents an analysis of the population-density distributions present in 147 Polish towns and cities of 30,000 inhabitants or more, as of 2002. The determination of these distributions was by reference to concentric rings 1 km across, with numbers of inhabitants being determined on the basis of aggregate data for 14,000 statistical districts, the numbers per centre ranging from 16 in the case of Łuków to 1346 in Warsaw. The districtsin question cover a total area of 9800 km2 and account overall for some 16.8 million inhabitants of Poland. This makes this the most exhaustive analysis of population-density distributions ever carried out for the country. The results of the analyses point to the wide spread presence of function-related distributions of population density in the largest Polish cities, albeit irrespective of their size as referred to more precisely. A clear majority (88%) of centres are characterised by a distribution model in line with either the exponential or power functions, or derivatives. The ‘crater effect’ indicative of depopulation in city centres is met with only rarely, in just a very few towns and cities, this perhaps reflecting the relative youthfulness of Poland’s urban areas.

Keywords: population density distribution, population density profile, population density model, urban population, Poland’s cities

Przemysław Śleszyński [psleszyn@twarda.pan.pl], Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization Polish Academy of Sciences Twarda 51/55, 00-818 Warsaw: Poland

Transformations of large housing estates in post-socialist city: The case of Łódź, Poland

Ewa Szafrańska

Geographia Polonica (2014) vol. 87, iss. 1, pp. 77-94 | Full text
doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.7163/GPol.2014.5

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Abstract:

The main purpose of this paper is to identify ongoing changes in post-socialist large housing estates and to clarify their main factors, using a case study approach. The paper examines the transformations of nine housing estates in the third largest Polish city – Łódź. The transformations were analysed in two dimensions: social (socio-demographic changes) and physical (changes in the spatial and functional structure and changesin the physiognomy). The key question was whether the changes occurring in large housing estates in Łódź protect them before the development of the social and physical degradation, identified in many estates in Western Europe, referred as the “large housing estate syndrome”. Research has shown that in examined housing estates there are no symptoms of physical or social degradation. Moreover, processes found there contribute to the prevention of the negative phenomena leading to the development of the “large housing estate syndrome”.

Keywords: housing transformation, large housing estates, post-socialist city, Łódź

Ewa Szafrańska, University of Łódź Kopcińskiego 31, 90-142 Łódź: Poland

Destinations of geography graduates on the labour market in Poland and other countries

Danuta Piróg

Geographia Polonica (2014) vol. 87, iss. 1, pp. 95-112 | Full text
doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.7163/GPol.2014.6

Further information

Abstract:

The objective of the article is to analyse the changes in labour market destinations of geography graduates in selected countries over the last 30 years. Moreover, the paper discusses the results of a Polish study on professional career plans of recent geography graduates and the fulfilment of these plans in 2012. It has been established that key professions in which a geography degree proves useful include: teachers, GIS specialists, and land use/environmental planners. Currently, Polish students would like to work mainly as specialists dealing with analysing and monitoring environmental changes, urban planners, spatial designers and teachers. Sadly, their expectations are hardly ever met and only students looking for teaching positions were most likely to succeed in their job seeking efforts.

Keywords: geographical studies, geography graduates, labour market, professional career, workplaces, first job

Danuta Piróg, Faculty of Geography Pedagogical University ofin Kraków, – Poland ul. Podchorążych 2, 30-084 Kraków

Scenic Values of the Częstochowa-Katowice Section of National Road No 1

Jerzy Nita, Urszula Myga-Piątek

Geographia Polonica (2014) vol. 87, iss. 1, pp. 113-126 | Full text
doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.7163/GPol.2014.7

Further information

Abstract:

The road investment stage is always preceded with projects, which relate to multifaceted economic, environmentaland spatial analyses. The visual values of the surroundings are usually neglected when designing and building motorways and express roads. The authors believe that the increasingly large-space range of motorway construction requires that more attention be paid to the landscape context of such investments. Functioning of all objects of the accompanying infrastructure of the transportation system affect the way the space is organized. The aim of the article is to assess, in detail, the scenic values of a selected section of the Pan-European Transport Road Corridor – National Road No. 1, in the Silesian Voivodship. The Pan-European Transport Road Corridor runs through Poland from south to north.

Keywords: landscape assessment, landscape aesthetic, scenic values, visibility map, motorway, Silesian Voivodship

Jerzy Nita, University of Silesia Faculty of Earth Sciences Będzińska 60, 41-200 Sosnowiec: Poland
Urszula Myga-Piątek, University of Silesia Faculty of Earth Sciences Będzińska 60, 41-200 Sosnowiec: Poland

Spatial planning in floodplains for implementation by the Floods Directive in Poland

Ewa Głosińska

Geographia Polonica (2014) vol. 87, iss. 1, pp. 127-142 | Full text
doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.7163/GPol.2014.8

Further information

Abstract:

In 2011, there were legislative changes made in Polish laws concerning water management and spatial planning. These changes resulted from the implementation of the Floods Directive, particularly its first stage. In consequence, the Polish government introduced legal acts altering the previously binding legislation, including those acts directly concerning the spatial development of floodplains. The Floods Directive was adopted by the European Parliament and the European Council in 2007 as a response to the growing urbanisation of floodplains. Urbanisation is causing more frequent flooding. The results are increased material (loss of property) and non-material (loss of life) losses. The main aim of this paper is to present the legislative changes introduced in Poland in relation to spatial planning in floodplains, resulting from the implementation of the Floods Directive. The paper also aims at defining how these changes may influence the future development of flood zones.

Keywords:

Ewa Głosińska, Faculty of Geographical and Geological Sciences Dzięgielowa 27, 61-680 Poznań: Poland

Varia

50 years of Geographia Polonica in the light of citations

Przemysław Śleszyński

Geographia Polonica (2014) vol. 87, iss. 1, pp. 143-155 | Full text
doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.7163/GPol.2014.9

Further information

Abstract:

This paper presents an analysis of citations to Geographia Polonica, a leading English-language geographical journal edited by Polish geographers, boasting its 50-year-long history. The examination was based on Google Scholar and its Publish or Perish application, that is the most comprehensive search engine of citations which returns the most representative results for Polish sources, particularly in social sciences. Due to the nature of Google Scholar – it only explores existing materials shared in the Internet – the study shows a series of regularities in contemporary citations.

Keywords: bibliometrics, citations, journals, Google Scholar, geographical publications, development of geography in Poland, Geographia Polonica

Przemysław Śleszyński [psleszyn@twarda.pan.pl], Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization Polish Academy of Sciences Twarda 51/55, 00-818 Warsaw: Poland

Poland on maps

Transport- and settlement-related time efficiency of road journeys taken in Poland

Przemysław Śleszyński

Geographia Polonica (2014) vol. 87, iss. 1, pp. 157-160 | Full text
doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.7163/GPol.2014.10

Further information

Abstract:

Presented here with reference to Poland is a new method by which to assess the efficiency of a country’s transport network in relation to its settlement network. The work described proceeds on the assumption that efficiency is greatest where connections by road for private cars take the shortest route in a straight line, without restrictions or limitations in the course of the journey made. Real barriers and limitations arising from bends and speed limits reduce traffic speeds, thereby limiting the efficiency in transport-related and settlement terms.

Keywords: efficiency, effectiveness, spatial accessibility, transport network, settlement network, travel time, Google Map, Poland

Przemysław Śleszyński [psleszyn@twarda.pan.pl], Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization Polish Academy of Sciences Twarda 51/55, 00-818 Warsaw: Poland

Book review

Tibor Madleňák, 2012. Regionálna diferenciácia volebného správania na Slovensku (1998–2010). Bratislava: Veda

Mariusz Kowalski

Geographia Polonica (2014) vol. 87, iss. 1, pp. 161-163

Further information

Keywords:

Mariusz Kowalski [mar.kow@twarda.pan.pl], Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization, Polish Academy of Sciences Twarda 51/55, 00-818 Warsaw: Poland

Matti Pietikäinen, 2011. From High Arctic to Antarctica: Ships of Thom Companies on the Seven Seas. Helsinki: Thominvest Oy

Risto Laulajainen

Geographia Polonica (2014) vol. 87, iss. 1, pp. 165-167

Further information

Keywords:

Risto Laulajainen, Gothenburg Business and Law School PO Box 630, SE-405 30 Gothenburg: Sweden

Varia

Best Metropolises – Best development conditions in European metropolises: Paris, Berlin and Warsaw

Mirosław Grochowski

Geographia Polonica (2014) vol. 87, iss. 1, pp. 169-172 | Full text

Further information

Keywords:

Mirosław Grochowski [m.grochowski@uw.edu.pl], Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization Polish Academy of Sciences Twarda 51/55, 00-818 Warsaw: Poland