Geographia Polonica

Geographia Polonica has been published since 1964; in the years 1964–1998 as a serial publication. Since 1999 – as a journal with two issues per year (Spring and Autumn), and since 2012 there are four issues per year (March, July, October, December). Contributions to the journal on both human and physical geography topics as well as related fields (e.g. urban and regional planning, ecology) should be submitted to the Editor. Papers dealing with Central and Eastern Europe are particularly welcomed.


CALL FOR PAPERS: Borders in Central and Eastern Europe

tl_files/igipz/ZPZ/GP/map.gifThe objective of this coming issue of GEOGRAPHIA POLONICA is to come back over the borders and cross-border relationships, in a context where the traditional representation of borders seen as the ground for categorization and delimitation is now questioned by multiple flows processes, dynamics and changes.

Political and socio-economic changes in Central and Eastern Europe has deeply transformed existence and functioning of borders and borderland areas. General systemic changes in Central Europe help with the use of endogenous potential, which can be modified through an uncovering of new resources and innovations. Increases in traffic: international, cross-border and national, help in the development of new economy that services it, both in “old” border regions and in new emerging cross-border regions. This processes are supported by economic and social changes that help increase the significance of development of borderlands. Given wise policies and investments, these processes become impulses behind the appearance and increase of new cross-border relationships. European Union funding (funds) has been the main component to investments in the borderland areas in many CEE regions. At the same time new crated interactions are becoming a primary focus of transboundary collaboration and integration.

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Geographia Polonica appreciated by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education

tl_files/igipz/ZPZ/GP/mse.jpgOn 23 December, the Ministry of Science and Higher Education announced a new list of scientific journals, along with the number of points awarded for articles in these journals.  With pleasure and great satisfaction we announce that Geographia Polonica has received the highest score, which is 15 points. It is the highest possible score for a Polish journal outside of the  Philadelphia List, but also the absolute highest possible score for a general geographical periodical. It is worth noting that our magazine has the highest metrics of Polish general geographical periodicals in Scopus database (SJR and IPP).We hope that this is another step to strengthen position of Geographia Polonica also on the international area.

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Current Issue

Geographia Polonica (2017) vol. 90, iss. 3


Social and transport exclusion

Václav Jaroš

Geographia Polonica (2017) vol. 90, iss. 3, pp. 247-263

Further information


The presented article focuses on the relationship between social exclusion and the transport geographicalcharacteristics which are considered as instrumental in the development of social exclusion, and also as a negativefeature that can even deepen the exclusion. In the first part, the author generally defines and examinesthe concept of social exclusion as a selectively operating process of differentiation, the way it has been perceivedover time and its individual aspects with an emphasis on the spatial dimension. The second part of thearticle is devoted to the conditional relationship between transportation and social exclusion. Besides thedescription of this process of exclusion, which is transport related, there is a discussion of the role of transport(in)accessibility and characteristics of personal mobility as a crucial factors which cause or intensify the exclusion.

Keywords: transport exclusion, social exclusion, poverty, accessibility, mobility, transport disadvantage, transport inequality

Václav Jaroš [], Department of Social Geography and Regional Development, Faculty of Science Charles University Albertov 6, CZ - 128 43 Praha 2: Czech Republic

Diverse and different: On the faces of social solidarity in Warsaw

Ewa Korcelli-Olejniczak, Filip Piotrowski

Geographia Polonica (2017) vol. 90, iss. 3, pp. 265-280

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Growing spatial mobility is a challenge to cities in many ways. It brings positive development impulses andsocial diversity, but at the same time contributes to a decomposition of existing structures and is a challengeto planning. Under the conditions of the obvious signum temporis – an intensifying hyper-diversity and a growingliquidity of values with weakening social bonds and a less evident physical rootedness, the question shouldbe posed whether urban places can still sustain their interactive local identity based on social solidarity, mutualsupport and trust. The problem is tested on the example of two districts of Warsaw – Praga Północ andUrsynów. In the search for regularities in the relation between the level of social diversity on one side and socialsolidarity on the other, the analysis focuses on the areas characterised by fundamental differences in theirhistoric development, built environment and social structure.

Keywords: social diversity, social solidarity, post-socialist city, Warsaw, Praga Północ, Ursynów

Ewa Korcelli-Olejniczak [], Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization Polish Academy of Sciences Twarda 51/55, 00-818 Warsaw: Poland
Filip Piotrowski [], Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization Polish Academy of Sciences Twarda 51/55, 00-818 Warsaw: Poland

Łódź Metropolitan Area: Delimitation, planning and development

Tadeusz Marszał

Geographia Polonica (2017) vol. 90, iss. 3, pp. 281-300

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In the last 25 years, Łódź and the region surrounding the city have undergone significant transformations in respectof both the socio-economic structure and spatial development. In consequence of radical restructuringcarried out after 1990, the traditional manufacturing branches disappeared and have been replaced by dynamicallygrowing new types of business activity, especially in the services sector, which has enhanced the metropolitancharacter of Łódź and strengthened the functions belonging to 4th sector of the economy. The purposeof this article is identification of the actual extent of Łódź Metropolitan Area in terms of the functions performedand its delimitation for management purposes, as well as analysis of conditions for further development of thisarea in the context of metropolisation processes. Future development largely depends on making good useof the favourable location in European space, European funds, cultural heritage and social potential. A seriouschallenge is coordination of activities of territorial self-government units and revision of the policies of the communesso as to create a consistent conception of the development of the metropolitan area. Łódź MetropolitanArea, despite certain barriers, has a potential strong enough to become an advanced, creative node in thesphere of culture, science and innovative economy, and a major element of the European settlement system.

Keywords: Łódź, metropolitan area, metropolitan functions

Tadeusz Marszał [], Institute of the Built Environment and Spatial Policy, Faculty of Geographical Sciences University of Łódź Kopcińskiego 31, 90-142 Łódź: Poland

From words to action: Improving drinking water behaviour in the urban environment

Katarina Polajnar Horvat, Aleš Smrekar

Geographia Polonica (2017) vol. 90, iss. 3, pp. 301-317

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This article analyzes the impact of selected external and internal factors on environmental behaviour and therelationship between individuals’ willingness to engage in environmentally friendly activity and their actual actions.Our model served as a framework for understanding the development of environmental awareness andthe change of habits in favor of sustainability. The main variables included in the model were values, beliefs,norms, perceived environmental control, demographic variables, knowledge, intention, and behaviour. Theresults based on the example of Ljubljana indicate that environmental motives and knowledge are the factorspredominantly influencing actual environmentally friendly habits. It is concluded that a bottom-up approachwith selected social influence methods is the most appropriate.Key words

Keywords: environmental awareness, behavioural geography, behavioural factors, drinking water, sustainable development, Ljubljana

Katarina Polajnar Horvat [], Anton Melik Geographical Institute Research Centre of the Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts Novi trg 2, 1000 Ljubljana: Slovenia
Aleš Smrekar [], Anton Melik Geographical Institute Scientifi c Research Centre of the Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts Gosposka ulica 13, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia

Revival of rural settlements in Kłodzko Land

Robert Szmytkie, Przemysław Tomczak

Geographia Polonica (2017) vol. 90, iss. 3, pp. 319-333

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During the post-war period the area of Kłodzko Land was subject to considerable depopulation processeswhich resulted in partial and total depopulation of outlying villages. For this reason the region is consideredas problematic by many researchers, despite numerous attempts to revive it. In recent years, however, increasingvariation in the trends of population change has been noticed and, besides the continually progressingdepopulation, processes indicating the ‘revival’ of certain declining villages have emerged. This situationis a result of the influx of new residents, mainly from urban areas, who frequently run their own businesses andby doing so transform the functional character of particular villages.

Keywords: rural areas, population change, depopulation, functional changes, Kłodzko Land

Robert Szmytkie [], Institute of Geography and Regional Development University of Wrocław pl. Uniwersytecki 1, 50-137 Wrocław: Poland
Przemysław Tomczak [], Institute of Geography and Regional Development University of Wrocław pl. Uniwersytecki 1, 50-137 Wrocław: Poland

Political and administrative boundaries of the German state in the 20th century

Piotr Eberhardt

Geographia Polonica (2017) vol. 90, iss. 3, pp. 335-350

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The paper presents the changes in the political and administrative boundaries of the German state, which tookplace during the 20th century. The starting point is constituted by the political pattern having developed afterthe establishment of the German Empire in 1871, this pattern lasting until the World War I. Then, the territorialconsequences are considered of the decisions, taken at the Versailles Peace Conference. After the presentationof the situation existing during the inter-war period, the political transformations are shown of the annexationpolitics of the Nazi Germany. The final part of the paper is devoted to the territorial effects that the PotsdamTreaty brought for the defeated Germany.

Keywords: olitical and administrative boundaries, German Empire, German Republic, Nazi Germany, Versailles Peace Conference, Potsdam Treaty, World War I, World War II

Piotr Eberhardt [], Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization Polish Academy of Sciences Twarda 51/55, 00-818 Warsaw: Poland

Research notes

External migration in the Presheva Valley: Causes, benefits and consequences

Arsim Ejupi

Geographia Polonica (2017) vol. 90, iss. 3, pp. 351-360

Further information


Migration in the Presheva Valley is an integral part of the past and present, affected by social and historicalprocesses, which also have demographic, social, economic and cultural consequences. The Presheva Valley,similar to other territories of the former Yugoslavia, is distinguished by low economic development and thisphenomenon has been present through decades. As such, the Presheva Valley is traditionally a migrant area.Backwardness in economic and infrastructural development causes many problems of a social and economicnature, while permanent growth of the absolute and relative number of people is manifested by an increasein the number of the agricultural population, fragmentation of agricultural land, etc. All these circumstancesforce the population to migrate and find work in European countries. The aim of the research is to identify factorswhich stimulate migration, to analyze the period, causes and directions of migration, the negative effectsof migration as well as benefits for the migrant’s homeland. The study offers an overview of current migrationtrends and it could serve as a good basis for regional policymakers in the field of migration with the finalgoal of interrupting the regressive social and demographic processes and accelerate economic development.

Keywords: Presheva Valley, population, migration, labor force, Europe

Arsim Ejupi [], Department of Geography, Faculty of Mathematical and Natural Sciences University of Prishtina George Bush”, street, n.n., 10 000, Prishtina: Kosovo