Andrzej Affek

Project Report

Hidden cultural heritage in the abandoned landscape - identification and interpretation using airborne LiDAR

Andrzej Affek

Geographia Polonica (2016) vol. 89, iss. 3, pp. 411-414 | Full text

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Keywords:

Andrzej Affek [a.affek@twarda.pan.pl], Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization Polish Academy of Sciences, 00-818 Warsaw, Twarda 51/55, Poland

Poland on maps

Past Carpathian landscape recorded in the microtopography

Andrzej Affek

Geographia Polonica (2016) vol. 89, iss. 3, pp. 415-424 | Full text
doi: https://doi.org/10.7163/GPol.0062

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Abstract:

The objective of this study was to map traces of the past Carpathian landscape recorded in the microtopography in the chosen study area (25 km2) within the Wiar river basin. The area comprised two deserted villages (Borysławka and Posada Rybotycka) that were abandoned and afforested after forced displacement of Ruthenian highlanders in 1940s. Three groups of complementary research methods were used: remote sensing (airborne laser scanning – ALS as the main data source), analysis of archival sources and field survey. Sky-view factor (SVF) was applied as the main visualisation technique of the LiDAR-derived DTM for mapping purposes.The results demonstrated that there are numerous, well preserved earthworks created before World War II lying under the tree canopy, such as hollow ways, agricultural terraces, remnants of settlements, border mounds etc. They form a unique cultural heritage of former inhabitants that deserves to be protected.

Keywords: abandoned villages, earthworks, LiDAR, Austrian cadastral maps, the Carpathians

Andrzej Affek [a.affek@twarda.pan.pl], Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization Polish Academy of Sciences, 00-818 Warsaw, Twarda 51/55, Poland

Spatially explicit changes in land ownership through 3 socio-political systems: A case study from southeast Poland

Andrzej Affek

Geographia Polonica (2015) vol. 88, iss. 3, pp. 519-530 | Full text
doi: https://doi.org/10.7163/GPol.0032

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Abstract:

Spatially explicit analysis of land ownership changes can provide a unique opportunity to trace land ownership and determine spatial patterns of inheritance. In this paper, the structure of land ownership in the age of feudalism (1852), communism (1965) and capitalism (2008) was reconstructed for a landscape-scale study area - the Upper Wiar River Basin in the Polish Eastern Carpathians. Austrian cadastre and post-war land registers were used as source data. Trajectories of land ownership changes were mapped and discussed. The similarity of landowner types was determined by means of correspondence analysis. The results generally showed how highly unstable land ownership is when socio-political systems are in flux.

Keywords: Austrian cadastre • land register • trajectories of landowners • feudalism • communism • capitalism • Upper Wiar River Basin

Andrzej Affek [a.affek@twarda.pan.pl], Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization Polish Academy of Sciences, 00-818 Warsaw, Twarda 51/55, Poland

Articles

Georeferencing of historical maps using GIS, as exemplified by the Austrian Military Surveys of Galicia

Andrzej Affek

Geographia Polonica (2013) vol. 86, iss. 4, pp. 375-390 | Full text
doi: https://doi.org/10.7163/GPol.2013.30

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Abstract:

Archival maps are an invaluable source of information about the state of the geographical environment. They represent the primary research material for analysis of changes in spatial characteristics of the environment. However, a prerequisite for any reliable analysis is an accurate match between archival maps and contemporary cartographic materials and the estimation of error inherent to every match. The most effective way of achieving this nowadays is to use GIS software. The aim of this work is thus to present and discuss georeferencing methods of archival paper maps that make a precise comparison with contemporary reference layers possible. Two alternative georeferencing methods for maps based or not based on a geodetic network are described, and the georeferencing of archival maps is discussed further by referenceto the First, Second and Third Military Surveys of Galicia conducted by the MGI (Militärgeographisches Institut), and completed in 1783, 1863 and 1879 respectively.

Keywords: historical GIS (HGIS), First, Second and Third Military Surveys, map datum transformation map rectification, Habsburg Empire

Andrzej Affek [a.affek@twarda.pan.pl], Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization Polish Academy of Sciences, 00-818 Warsaw, Twarda 51/55, Poland