Vladimir Kolosov

Articles

Comparing the development of border regions with the use of GIS (the case of Russia)

Vladimir Kolosov, Andrei Medvedev, Maria Zotova

Geographia Polonica (2018) vol. 91, iss. 1, pp. 47-61 | Full text
doi: https://doi.org/10.7163/GPol.0090

Further information

Abstract:

The objective of the paper is to analyze the trends and the dynamics of socio-economic development in the areas on both sides of all Russia’s land boundaries (more than 22,000 km long) using remote sensing data and GIS applications at different scales. The originality of this research is in the processing of large amounts of data (30 meters resolution images and medium-scale topographic maps) on vast areas and the construction of maps allowing analyzing the data on a new scale. The peripheral character of most border areas is a serious challenge for the development of cross-border cooperation. Depopulation and the depressed state of their economy do not stimulate contacts between neighboring territories. The authors assess the socio-economic situation on both sides of Russian borders and the contrasts between neighboring territories in the mirror of the structure and the dynamics of land use and the density of settlements and roads. The authors come to the conclusion that the border space experiences further fragmentation. The processes on the ‘new’ (post-Soviet) and ‘old’ borders differ by their speed and the character of transformations. Their asynchrony is quickly increasing the asymmetry of cross-border interactions.

Keywords: borders, remote sensing, spatial analysis, mapping, assessment, socio-economic development, Russia

Vladimir Kolosov [vladimirkolossov@gmail.com], Institute of Geography Russian Academy of Sciences Staromonetny pereulok 29, 119017 Moscow: Russia
Andrei Medvedev [a.a.medvedeff@gmail.com], Institute of Geography Russian Academy of Sciences Staromonetny pereulok 29, 119017 Moscow: Russia
Maria Zotova [zotovam@bk.ru], Institute of Geography Russian Academy of Sciences Staromonetny pereulok 29, 119017 Moscow: Russia

The local border traffic zone experiment as an instrument of cross-border integration: The case of Polish-Russian borderland

Iwona Sagan, Vladimir Kolosov, Dominika Studzińska, Maria Zotova, Alexander Sebentsov, Klaudia Nowicka

Geographia Polonica (2018) vol. 91, iss. 1, pp. 95-112 | Full text
doi: https://doi.org/10.7163/GPol.0102

Further information

Abstract:

The main objective of this article is to offer an answer to the question whether introducing local border traffic (LBT) on the external frontiers of the EU is an effective tool for cross-border integration and development of marginalised border areas. The analysis was carried out in an area of particular strategic importance for the European Community and Russia, which is the Polish-Russian borderland. The study includes the analysis of political discourse supplied with the findings from the original survey revealing mutual perception of Polish and Russian partners. The authors drew special attention to the significance of delimitation of areas included in the visa-free traffic. The success of the four-year period of LBT zone’s functioning on the Polish-Kaliningrad border came as a result of modification of the regulations concerning the scope of the zone and the inclusionof economic regions otherwise heavily affected by the split in the functional dimension. The analysed region had the chance to become a model of national and local policies’ cooperation in border areas. The decision to shut down the LBT has proved yet again that socio-economic initiatives in border regions are deterministically dependent on the decisions of central governments.

Keywords: local border traffic, cross-border integration, Polish-Russian border, external border of the European Union

Iwona Sagan [geois@univ.gda.pl], Department of Economic Geography, Faculty of Oceanography and Geography University of Gdańsk Bażyńskiego 4, 80-309 Gdańsk: Poland
Vladimir Kolosov [vladimirkolossov@gmail.com], Institute of Geography Russian Academy of Sciences Staromonetny pereulok 29, 119017 Moscow: Russia
Dominika Studzińska [geods@univ.gda.pl], Department of Economic Geography, Faculty of Oceanography and Geography University of Gdańsk Bażyńskiego 4, 80-309 Gdańsk: Poland
Maria Zotova [zotovam@bk.ru], Institute of Geography Russian Academy of Sciences Staromonetny pereulok 29, 119017 Moscow: Russia
Alexander Sebentsov [sebentsov@gmail.com], Institute of Geography Russian Academy of Sciences Staromonetny pereulok 29, 119017 Moscow: Russia
Klaudia Nowicka [geokn@univ.gda.pl], University of Gdańsk Bażyńskiego 4, 80-309 Gdańsk: Poland