Eduardo Brito-Henriques

Articles

Seeking the causes of urban ruination: An empirical research in four Portuguese cities

Eduardo Brito-Henriques, David Cruz

Geographia Polonica (2019) vol. 92, iss. 1, pp. 17-35 | Full text
doi: https://doi.org/10.7163/GPol.0134

Further information

Abstract:

Urban ruination is an understudied feature in the life of cities. This article discusses its causes. Based on the study of four shrinking Portuguese cities (Lisbon, Barreiro, Guimarães and Vizela), and using Multiple Linear Regression Analysis as the statistical method, the structure of relationships among ruins, economic change,demographic change, social geography and the characteristics of buildings are discussed. Although the study concludes that ruination is a highly contingent phenomenon, the results show that of all the structural factors,demographic ageing and the obsolescence of buildings (poor housing conditions) are the key causes of ruination in the four cities under study. Links between ruination and socio-spatial processes have also been identified.

Keywords: ruins, ruination, urban abandonment, vacant properties, shrinking cities, Portugal

Eduardo Brito-Henriques [eduardo@campus.ul.pt], Universidade de Lisboa Centre for Geographical Studies Institute of Geography and Spatial Planning IGOT, Rua Branca Edmée Marques, 1600-276 Lisbon: Portugal
David Cruz [fabio.d.cruz@campus.ul.pt], Universidade de Lisboa Centre for Geographical Studies Institute of Geography and Spatial Planning IGOT, Rua Branca Edmée Marques, 1600-276 Lisbon: Portugal