Tomasz Komornicki

Poland on maps

Delimitation of problem areas in Poland

Przemysław Śleszyński, Jerzy Bański, Marek Degórski, Tomasz Komornicki

Geographia Polonica (2017) vol. 90, iss. 2, pp. 131-138 | Full text
doi: https://doi.org/10.7163/GPol.0088

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Abstract:

The study presents the delimitation of problem areas carried out at the Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization of PAS on behalf of the Ministry of Development of Poland (2015-2016), first and foremost to meet the practical needs of the development policy being pursued at state, regional and local government levels. The study was elaborated for the 2479 Polish communes (gminas) by reference to 21 indicators mainly concerned with the state of the natural environment and socio-economic conditions, as well as features of spatial and local development. The three categories of area ultimately identified were the natural, the social and the economic aspects, the combination of which yielded several main types of problem area. A last stage then entailed a division into regions, i.e. the designation and naming of particular geographical areas.

Keywords: problem areas, delimitation, development policy, regional policy

Jerzy Bański [jbanski@twarda.pan.pl], Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization Polish Academy of Sciences, 00-818 Warsaw, Twarda 51/55, Poland
Marek Degórski [m.degor@twarda.pan.pl], Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization Polish Academy of Sciences Twarda 51/55, 00-818 Warsaw: Poland
Tomasz Komornicki [t.komorn@twarda.pan.pl], Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization Polish Academy of Sciences Twarda 51/55, 00‑818 Warsaw: Poland

Spatial differentiation of Polish export linkages

Barbara Szejgiec, Tomasz Komornicki

Geographia Polonica (2015) vol. 88, iss. 1, pp. 173-178 | Full text
doi: https://doi.org/10.7163/GPol.0011

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Abstract:

The study presents a brief review of Polish regions’ participation in the global economy in 2011 based on exportlinkages at the local level (LAU 1). It identifies both the key actors in the globalisation processes withinthe country and the types of territories that share common trends in geographic and product export structures.The paper deals with a delimitation of areas of export concentration. A total of 23 areas have been identifiedaccounting for nearly 60% of Polish exports. Both the economic strength of the regions as reflected in theirrespective figures and the long-established position of industry in the national economy resulted in a widerange of areas discussed here.

Keywords: export linkages, geographic and export product diversification, areas of export concentration, geography of trade in Poland

Barbara Szejgiec [b.szejgiec@twarda.pan.pl]
Tomasz Komornicki [t.komorn@twarda.pan.pl], Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization Polish Academy of Sciences Twarda 51/55, 00‑818 Warsaw: Poland

Articles

Road accessibility to tourist destinations of the Polish-Slovak borderland: 2010-2030 prediction and planning

Marek Więckowski, Daniel Michniak, Maria Bednarek-Szczepańska, Branislav Chrenka, Vladimir Ira, Tomasz Komornicki, Piotr Rosik, Marcin Stępniak, Vladimir Szekely, Przemysław Śleszyński, Dariusz Świątek, Rafał Wiśniewski

Geographia Polonica (2014) vol. 87, iss. 1, pp. 5-26 | Full text
doi: https://doi.org/10.7163/GPol.2014.1

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Abstract:

An essential requirement for the development, not only of tourism but also of most sectors of economy, is the development of transport infrastructure and adequate accessibility of areas. Accessibility is an important element for tourism development. The Polish-Slovak borderland is currently suffering from inadequate routes to the region and cross-border connections because of the mountains. The borderland are characterised by the poor accessibility and bad condition of the roads. Unfortunately, tourism development analyses and studies carried out over recent decades in Poland and Slovakia have not addressed the problems. The aims of the article was to analyse the Polish-Slovak borderland road accessibility and the key transport solutions required for successful road development. The article presents the results of the analysis on road accessibility to the tourist destinations on the Polish-Slovak borderland. Opportunities for enhancing tourist potential through improved road accessibility of the borderland and new road investments are noted. The accessibility of the area was calculated separately for general tourism, and medium-term tourism (long weekends, 2-4 days) in two years: 2010 and 2030.

Keywords: road accessibility, road transport, time-based accessibility, tourist development, regional development, demand, isochrones, potential model, Carpathians, Polish-Slovak borderland

Marek Więckowski [marekw@twarda.pan.pl], Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization Polish Academy of Sciences Twarda 51/55, 00‑818 Warsaw: Poland
Daniel Michniak [geogmich@savba.sk], Institute of Geography Slovak Academy of Sciences Stefánikova 49, 814 73 Bratislava: Slovakia
Maria Bednarek-Szczepańska [bednarek@twarda.pan.pl], Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization Polish Academy of Sciences Twarda 51/55, 00‑818 Warsaw: Poland
Branislav Chrenka [chrenka@sacr.sk], Institute of Geography Slovak Academy of Sciences Stefánikova 49, 814 73 Bratislava: Slovakia
Vladimir Ira [geogira@savba.sk], Institute of Geography Slovak Academy of Sciences Stefánikova 49, 814 73 Bratislava: Slovakia
Tomasz Komornicki [t.komorn@twarda.pan.pl], Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization Polish Academy of Sciences Twarda 51/55, 00‑818 Warsaw: Poland
Piotr Rosik [rosik@twarda.pan.pl], Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization Polish Academy of Sciences Twarda 51/55, 00‑818 Warsaw: Poland
Marcin Stępniak [stepniak@twarda.pan.pl], Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization Polish Academy of Sciences Twarda 51/55, 00‑818 Warsaw: Poland
Vladimir Szekely [geogszek@savba.sk], Institute of Geography Slovak Academy of Sciences Stefánikova 49, 814 73 Bratislava: Slovakia
Przemysław Śleszyński [psleszyn@twarda.pan.pl], Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization PAS
Dariusz Świątek [swiatekd@twarda.pan.pl], Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization Polish Academy of Sciences Twarda 51/55, 00‑818 Warsaw: Poland
Rafał Wiśniewski [rafwis@twarda.pan.pl], Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization Polish Academy of Sciences Twarda 51/55, 00‑818 Warsaw: Poland

Changing accessibility of Polish airports on the course of demographic and economic demand

Tomasz Komornicki, Przemysław Śleszyński

Geographia Polonica (2011) vol. 84, iss. 2, pp. 47-63 | Full text
doi: https://doi.org/10.7163/GPol.2011.2.4

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Abstract:

The demand for air services is analysed using a methodology based on catchment area designation by driving-time zones (time-wise accessibility by individual car transport). Calculated for the zones in question were: absolute and relative demographic demand, absolute economic demand (number of businesses within a particular catchment area) and relative economic de-mand. The study suggests four variants where demand is concerned, according to existing and planned locations, as of 2008 and 2015.

Keywords: airports, air travel, demand forecasting, demographic and economic demand, catch-ment area, market area, spatial accessibility, Poland.

Tomasz Komornicki [t.komorn@twarda.pan.pl], Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization Polish Academy of Sciences Twarda 51/55, 00‑818 Warsaw: Poland
Przemysław Śleszyński [psleszyn@twarda.pan.pl], Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization PAS

Changes in the role and permeability of Polish borders

Tomasz Komornicki

Geographia Polonica (2001) vol. 74, iss. 1, pp. 77-100 | Full text

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Abstract:

The degree of openness, and thus the permeability and the functions, of Po-land's borders has changed fundamentally in the last seven years, as has the intensity of the traffic crossing them. The aim of this study was to define the degree of advancement of the process of functional change on Poland's borders as a whole, and in reference to the sections of border with particular neighbours. As element in this was the description of trends to the changes in the intensity and structure of border traffic in the years 1990-1999. In summing up the analysis carried out in this study a ranking of the permeability of borders wai prepared. It has been found that - in both of the studied time intervals (1990 and 1996) - the highest places were mostly taken by the German border, while the border with the Kalingrad District was consistently the worst on average. Between 1990 and 1996, the border improving its position as regards permeability to the greatest degree was that with Lithuania.

Keywords: borders, permeability, barriers, border functions

Tomasz Komornicki [t.komorn@twarda.pan.pl], Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization Polish Academy of Sciences Twarda 51/55, 00‑818 Warsaw: Poland