Mariusz Kowalski

Articles

Generational cycles and changes in time and space

Mariusz Kowalski

Geographia Polonica (2019) vol. 92, iss. 3, pp. 253-273 | Full text
doi: https://doi.org/10.7163/10.7163/GPol.0148

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Abstract:

The cyclical character of definite processes observed under both Polish and American conditions in fact emergesas of a universal nature, finding its analogies throughout the world, though first and foremost within the European cultural circle. It is also possible to speak of its far reaching synchronicity, encompassing change on both local and global scales. This is witnessed by successive culminations of cycles with the French Revolution and Napoleonic Wars, the revolutionary surges of the 1830s and 1840s, the events of the 1860s and1870s, the turbulences and wars of the early 20th century (notably World War I), then World War II, the great transformations of the 1980s, and the recently observed increase in political tension in various parts of theworld (e.g. the Middle East, Ukraine, etc.). In the economic sphere the symptoms are shifts in the business climate, which can even be calculated by reference to quantitative indicators. Then, in the sphere of culture,it is possible to denote successive periods in literature and the arts. In the political sphere in turn, events that shape the state or territorial order are to be observed readily. The present article thus seeks to propose the existence of a universal and synchronous 30-40 years long generation cycle, which manifests itself in real symptoms in the world of politics, and for instance in the cyclicity seen to characterise intensity of changeon the political map of Europe.

Keywords: political life, generations, cyclicality, territorial changes, Poland, Europe, world

Mariusz Kowalski [mar.kow@twarda.pan.pl], Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization, Polish Academy of Sciences Twarda 51/55, 00-818 Warsaw: Poland

Book review

Tibor Madleňák, 2012. Regionálna diferenciácia volebného správania na Slovensku (1998–2010). Bratislava: Veda

Mariusz Kowalski

Geographia Polonica (2014) vol. 87, iss. 1, pp. 161-163

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Keywords:

Mariusz Kowalski [mar.kow@twarda.pan.pl], Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization, Polish Academy of Sciences Twarda 51/55, 00-818 Warsaw: Poland

Articles

Immigrants from the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth in the early stages of European colonization of the Cape Colony

Mariusz Kowalski

Geographia Polonica (2012) vol. 85, iss. 3, pp. 55-76 | Full text
doi: https://doi.org/10.7163/GPol.2012.3.18

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Abstract:

While the Commonwealth of Two Nations (Polish‑LithuanianCommonwealth, 1569‑1795)did not have colonies of itsown, emigrants from its territory did play a part in the colonial enterprise, i.a. the Dutch engagement in South Africa.The group of persons involved was small, but then so were the overall number of settlers and soldiers from all countriescombined, ensuring that the Polish influence is not be ignored. Poles (mainly Polish Prussians) in South Africa played theirpart in the emergence of a new society, as well as in the process whereby the country came to be known and broughtunder management. They were also co‑organizersof pioneering expeditions inland, as well as participating in the firstarmed encounters with Bantu (Xhosa) people.

Keywords: historical migrations, immigrants, Dutch colonization, Polish‑Lithuanian Commonwealth, South Africa, Cape Colony, Poles

Mariusz Kowalski [mar.kow@twarda.pan.pl], Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization, Polish Academy of Sciences Twarda 51/55, 00-818 Warsaw: Poland