Geographia Polonica (1976) vol. 33 1

Special issue, the 23rd International Geographical Congress, Moscow, 1976 part 1

Articles

Planation surfaces in the light of the 1 : 300,000 geomorphological map of Poland

Maria Baumgart-Kotarba, Sylwia Gilewska, Leszek Starkel

Geographia Polonica (1976) vol. 33 1, pp. 5-23 | Full text

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Abstract:

Planationsurfaces, being included into the contents of the 1:300,000 Geo-morphological Map of Poland, are surfaces of subaerial destruction which resulted from the joint action of various factors in pre-Pleistocene sensu stricto times. These surfaces cut across rocks of different resistance and vari-ous structures forming the Sudetes Mts., together with the Sudetes Foreland, the Central Polish Uplands and the Carpathians. North of lat. 51°N the down-warped Central Polish Uplands merge gradually beneath the unbroken cover of glacial and glacio-fluvial deposits. In the Polish Lowland, therefore, old sur-faces are now buried by Miocene, Pliocene and Pleistocene deposits (S. Biernat 1968; E. Ciuk 1961; F. Różycki 1956). Beyond the limit of the last Scandinavian glaciation, young destruction surfaces of exogenic origin also developed on the older glacial and glacio-fluvial deposits (J. Dylik 1953; K. Rotnicki 1966). A discussion of the fossil planation surfaces and Pleistocene surfaces of destruc-tion, however, falls outside the scope of this paper. Its aim is to show the regional differentiation in the development and state of preservation of the pre-Pleistocene planation surfaces in southern Poland in relation to morpho-structure, its general neotectonic tendencies and trends of evolution.Regional analysis is based upon the 1:300,000 Geomorphological Map of Poland which was prepared in the Cracow Branch of the Institute of Geo-graphy, Polish Academy of Siencies, during the period 1966 to 1973, acting in cooperation with specialists in regional geomorphology from Wrocław, Poznań, Warszawa, Lublin, Toruń and Gdańsk. The regional maps described in this paper were prepared by H. Piasecki (the Sudetes Mts. and Sudetes Foreland), S. Gilewska (the Uplands of Silesia and Małopolska), H. Maruszczak (the Lub-lin-Volhynian Upland), K. Klimek and L. Starkel (sub-Carpathian Basins) and L. Starkel (the Carpathians).

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Maria Baumgart-Kotarba, Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization, Polish Academy of Sciences, Św. Jana 22, 31-018 Kraków, Poland
Sylwia Gilewska, Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization, Polish Academy of Sciences, Cracow, Poland
Leszek Starkel, Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization Polish Academy of Sciences, 31-018 Krakow, Sw. Jana 22, Poland

On glacial origin of Grudziądz Basin, Lower Vistula River Valley

Eugeniusz Drozdowski

Geographia Polonica (1976) vol. 33 1, pp. 23-40 | Full text

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Abstract:

The characteristic features of the lower Vistula River valley are numerous widenings known from the literature as basins. Their geologic structure and relief differ considerably from the adjacent valley reaches as a result of differential action of both glacial and fluvial processes. This is particularly true for the largest widening of the lower Vistula River valley — the Grudziądz Basin.

The origin of this basin have been discussed for a long time. So far, two hypotheses have prevailed: the first, put forward by A. Jentzsch (1911), relates the formation of the Grudziądz Basin to a large proglacial lake at the mouth of the Mątawa River outwash, the second, advanced by R. Galon (1934), regards lateral erosion of the meandering Vistula River as the main process responsible for its origin.

The present paper is a new attempt at solving the problem based on geo-logic and geomorphologic research (E. Drozdowski 1974, 1975), including re-sults of pollen analysis and radiocarbon dating. It emphasizes the hitherto unrecognized glacial landforms and deposits associated with the melting of dead-ice blocks which — as it turned out during the field examination — occur in that area together with distinctive fluvial features. This fact justifies the conclusion that the fluvial processes operating in the valley in the Late Glacial period were intimately associated with glacial processes. Consequently, the former existence of the Scandinavian ice sheet and its geomorphologic activity are regarded here as a substantial factor which affected the formation of the discussed widening of the Vistula River valley.

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Eugeniusz Drozdowski, Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization, Polish Academy of Sciences, Toruri, Poland

Origin of the Vistula water-gap between the Płock and Toruń Basins

Edward Wiśniewski

Geographia Polonica (1976) vol. 33 1, pp. 41-54 | Full text

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Edward Wiśniewski, Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization Polish Academy of Sciences, Toruń

Frequency and force of interdependence between components of the geographical environment

Andrzej Richling

Geographia Polonica (1976) vol. 33 1, pp. 55-66 | Full text

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Andrzej Richling, Warsaw University

Hydrological map of the World, Scale 1 : 2,500,000

Antoni Dobija, Irena Dynowska, Alicja Tlałka, Kazimierz Trafas

Geographia Polonica (1976) vol. 33 1, pp. 67-72 | Full text

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Antoni Dobija, Jagellonian Unversity
Irena Dynowska, Institute of Geography, Jagiellonian University. Cracow, Poland
Alicja Tlałka, Jagellonian Unversity
Kazimierz Trafas, Institute of Geography, Jagiellonian University, Cracow

An attempt at the application of the frostless period as a guiding criterion in the typology of mesoclimatic conditions in the mountains

Mieczysław Hess, Tadeusz Niedźwiedź, Barbara Obrębska-Starklowa

Geographia Polonica (1976) vol. 33 1, pp. 73-86 | Full text

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Mieczysław Hess, Department of Climatology, Jagiellonian University, Cracow
Tadeusz Niedźwiedź, Faculty of Earth Sciences, University of Silesia Będzińska 60,41-200 Sosnowiec, Poland. Institute of Meteorology and Water Management Borowego 14, 30-215 Kraków, Poland.
Barbara Obrębska-Starklowa, Department of Climatology, Jagiellonian University, Cracow

Mesoclimatic cartography of cloudiness

Witold Lenart

Geographia Polonica (1976) vol. 33 1, pp. 87-96 | Full text

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Witold Lenart, Warsaw University

Mild winters in Cracow against the background of the con-temporary circulation processes

Janina Trepińska

Geographia Polonica (1976) vol. 33 1, pp. 97-106 | Full text

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Janina Trepińska, Institute of Geography, Jagellonian University ul. Grodzka 64, 31-044 Kraków, Poland

Research problems of the First Mongolian-Polish Physical Geographical Expedition to the Khangay Mts. in 1974

Kazimierz Klimek, Radnarin Lomborintchen, Leszek Starkel, Tsesemin Sugar

Geographia Polonica (1976) vol. 33 1, pp. 107-120 | Full text

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Kazimierz Klimek, University of Silesia , Earth Sciences Faculty, ul Będzińska 60, 41-200 Sosnowiec, Poland
Radnarin Lomborintchen, Institute of Geography and Geocryology Mongolian Academy of Sciences, Ulan Bator
Leszek Starkel, Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization Polish Academy of Sciences, 31-018 Krakow, Sw. Jana 22, Poland
Tsesemin Sugar, Institute of Geography and Geocryology Mongolian Academy of Sciences, Ulan Bator

Climatological criteria for the evaluation of snow conditions for the purpose of recreation and winter sports, With south-eastern Poland as an example

Edward Michna, Stanisław Paczos

Geographia Polonica (1976) vol. 33 1, pp. 121-134 | Full text

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The main purpose of our considerations is to indicate the essential criteria for the estimation of snow conditions by means of a statistical and cartograph-ical approach, which enable the elaboration of a nival-evaluation map. The defining of the correlative dependence between some (basic) characteristics of the snow cover and the height a.s.l., latitude and longitude, and the illustration of these dependencies in a graphic way or in the form of function, will enable the easy and fast calculation of the mean values of these characteristics for randomly selected locality in south-eastern Poland.

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Edward Michna, Department of Meteorology and Climatology Institute of Earth Sciences Marie Curie-Sklodowska University, Lublin
Stanisław Paczos, Department of Meteorology and Climatology Institute of Earth Sciences Marie Curie-Sklodowska University, Lublin

The effect of the reservoir near Włocławek on the geographical environment

Jan Szupryczyński

Geographia Polonica (1976) vol. 33 1, pp. 135-146 | Full text

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Jan Szupryczyński, Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization Polish Academy of Sciences, 87-100 Torun, Kopernika 19, Poland