Geographia Polonica (1977) vol. 37

Urbanization and settlement : proceedings of the Second Soviet-Polish Geographical Seminar, Moscow and Leningrad, June 1974

Articles

Characteristics of world urbanization and its features in individual countries

Venyamin M. Gokhman, Georgii M. Lappo, Isaak M. Maergoiz, Yakov G. Mashbits

Geographia Polonica (1977) vol. 37, pp. 7-18 | Full text

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Venyamin M. Gokhman, Institute of Geography Academy of Sciences of the USSR
Georgii M. Lappo, Institute of Geography Academy of Sciences of the USSR
Isaak M. Maergoiz, Institute of Geography Academy of Sciences of the USSR
Yakov G. Mashbits, Institute of Geography. Academy of Sciences of the USSR. Moscow. USSR

World population change: 1950-1970

Kazimierz Dziewoński

Geographia Polonica (1977) vol. 37, pp. 19-26 | Full text

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Kazimierz Dziewoński, Instytut Geografii i Przestrzennego Zagospodarowania PAN ul. Krakowskie Przedmieście 30, 00-927 Warszawa

The development and control of the settlement system

Vladimir G. Davidovich

Geographia Polonica (1977) vol. 37, pp. 27-36 | Full text

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Vladimir G. Davidovich, Moscow Institute for Engineering and Economy

Urbanization processes and changes in the demographic region alization of Poland

Adam Jelonek

Geographia Polonica (1977) vol. 37, pp. 39-46 | Full text

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Adam Jelonek, Institute of Geography, Jagellonian University, Cracow, Poland

The role of permanent migration and commuting in urban growth

Andrzej Gawryszewski

Geographia Polonica (1977) vol. 37, pp. 47-60 | Full text

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Andrzej Gawryszewski, Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization. Polish Academy of Sciences. Warsaw. Poland

The objectives of an integrated development of a system of human settlements in the USSR

A. V. Kochetkov, Feliks M. Listengurt, Nikolai A. Solofnenko, David Khodzhaev

Geographia Polonica (1977) vol. 37, pp. 61-72 | Full text

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A. V. Kochetkov, Central Research Institute for Urban Planning, Moscow Gosplan SSSR
Feliks M. Listengurt, Central Research Institute for Urban Planning, Moscow Gosplan SSSR
Nikolai A. Solofnenko, Central Research Institute for Urban Planning, Moscow Gosplan SSSR
David Khodzhaev, Gosplan SSSR State University of Moscow

Urban system of Poland: its development and functional organization

Marek Jerczyński

Geographia Polonica (1977) vol. 37, pp. 73-88 | Full text

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Marek Jerczyński, Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization. Polish Academy of Sciences. Warsaw. Poland

Regionalization and settlement

Boris S. Khorev

Geographia Polonica (1977) vol. 37, pp. 89-91 | Full text

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Boris S. Khorev, Moscow Slate University. Moscow. USSR

Formation of systems of settlement

Nikolai T. Agafonov, Boris R. Pavchinski, Sergei B. Lavrov, Lev L. Trube

Geographia Polonica (1977) vol. 37, pp. 93-100 | Full text

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Nikolai T. Agafonov, Gosplan of the Russian Soviet Federated Socialist Republic, Leningrad
Boris R. Pavchinski, State University of Leningrad Lengiprogor
Sergei B. Lavrov, Leningrad University
Lev L. Trube, Kaliningrad State University Leningrad State University Institute of Pedagogy, Gorkiy

Foundations of the model of spatial system of towns

Zbyszko Chojnicki

Geographia Polonica (1977) vol. 37, pp. 101-108 | Full text

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Abstract:

This study is to present the foundations of a model of the spatial system of towns. In order to accomplish this task, the model and the systems methodol-ogies are integrated. In the model methodology, reality is idealized so as to iden-tify the factors and relations that are significant and to cut out those of second-ary importance. In following such a research procedure, which by way of ab-straction, eliminates subsidiary effects on the studied object, and thus makes cenain research assumptions, we are led to the construction of a model. The resulting models are idealized and hence abstract representations of reality formulated as sets of modelling assumptions. The objects thus characterized — spaiial systems devoid of certain real features — are called ideal types or ab-stract phenomena.

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Zbyszko Chojnicki, Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznan

The nature and dynamics of regional settlement systems

Ann Marksoo, Salme J. Nymmik

Geographia Polonica (1977) vol. 37, pp. 109-114 | Full text

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Ann Marksoo, Institute of Geography, University of Tartu, 46 Vanemuise St., Tartu EE-2400, Estonia
Salme J. Nymmik, Tartu State University

Role of new towns in the development of settlement system in the USSR

Oleg A. Konstantinov

Geographia Polonica (1977) vol. 37, pp. 115-121 | Full text

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Role of new towns in the development of settlement System in the USSR

Oleg A. Konstantinov

Geographia Polonica (1977) vol. 37, pp. 117-122 | Full text

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Abstract:

A change in the social structure entails essential alterations in the structure and territorial distribution of social production. These, in turn, bring about gradual changes in settlement, in particular in the network of town settlements. The geography of towns under capitalism is different from the feudal urban geography, not to mention that of the slave-owning system. Some cities (Rome, Athens, Istanbul, Alexandria, etc.) have existed for many centuries and even millennia. As a result of changing socio-economic conditions, they have chang-ed their functions and their appearance. But many of them have fallen into decay or even vanished completely, and these have been replaced by new towns born of their own epoch.

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Relations between land use intensity and the size of towns in Poland

Witold Kusiński

Geographia Polonica (1977) vol. 37, pp. 121-132 | Full text

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Witold Kusiński, Warsaw University. Warsaw. Poland

Settlement in the light of anthropoecosystems approach Piotr Korcelli: On modelling and planning the development of urban agglomerations

Yurii V. Medvedkov

Geographia Polonica (1977) vol. 37, pp. 135-142 | Full text

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Yurii V. Medvedkov, Institute of Geography. Academy of Sciences of the USSR. Moscow, USSR

Settlement in the light of anthropoecosystems approach

Yurii V. Medvedkov

Geographia Polonica (1977) vol. 37, pp. 143-150 | Full text

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Yurii V. Medvedkov, Institute of Geography. Academy of Sciences of the USSR. Moscow, USSR

On modelling and planning the development of urban agglomerations

Piotr Korcelli

Geographia Polonica (1977) vol. 37, pp. 151-158 | Full text

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Abstract:

This paper attempts to interpret the existing theory of spatial structure of urban agglomerations, and their change, from the planning perspective. A brief review of some of the major theoretical approaches is therefore in order. In a certain sense, these approaches are all useful from the planner's point of view since they build a stock of knowledge and information which is needed both at the plan study and the plan design stage. For instance, theoretical patterns of population density and directions of their evolution, following the city growth, its age and technological improvements in transportation, have to be taken into account while planning the future structure of urban agglomerations, since this may constitute one of the prerequisites for plan accomplishment. Another example is the need to consider the increasing spatial mobility of pop-ulation — a phenomenon widely discussed in the literature on urban studies. The planning implications are still more evident in the case of the spatial socio-demographic structure of urban areas. The realization of such a vital goal as the minimization of spatial variations in the distribution of those population and housing characteristics which have been identified as major dimensions of socio-ecological space, requires the knowledge of conditions which give rise to partic-ular variations.

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Piotr Korcelli, Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization Polish Academy of Sciences ul. Krakowskie Przedmieście 30, 00-927 Warszawa, Poland

Basic features and key problems of the development of urban agglomerations

Georgii M. Lappo

Geographia Polonica (1977) vol. 37, pp. 159-167 | Full text

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Georgii M. Lappo, Institute of Geography Academy of Sciences of the USSR

Mechanism for controlling the development of urban agglomerations

Ryszard Karłowicz

Geographia Polonica (1977) vol. 37, pp. 167-176 | Full text

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Ryszard Karłowicz, Warsaw Polytechnic

General principles of the perspective development of urban agglomerations in Poland

Andrzej Jędraszko

Geographia Polonica (1977) vol. 37, pp. 177-192 | Full text

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Andrzej Jędraszko, Institute for Environmental Development, Warsaw

Regulating the development of big urban agglomerations in the

Oleg A. Kibalchich, Vladimir Yu. Lyubovniy

Geographia Polonica (1977) vol. 37, pp. 193-200 | Full text

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Oleg A. Kibalchich, Gosplan of the Byelorussian SSR, Minsk
Vladimir Yu. Lyubovniy, Gosplan of the Russian SFSR, Moskva

The structure of the socio-economic space of Warsaw in 1931 and 1970

Grzegorz Węcławowicz

Geographia Polonica (1977) vol. 37, pp. 201-224 | Full text

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Abstract:

The socio-economic transformation of Poland, especially her quick-paced industrialization following World War II, reinforced previous processes and ge-nerated new ones affecting the spatial structure of towns. The adjustment of the historical spatial structures of towns to modern social and economic requi-rements and the reconstruction and extension of towns contributed to their in-ternal differentiation.

The rapid demographic and spatial developments created new social, eco-nomic, biological, technological and planning problems in towns. To solve those problems in conditions when the urban society is becoming almost equi-valent to society in the general sense of the word, it is indispensable to enhance the range of problems of urban studies.

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Grzegorz Węcławowicz, Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw, Poland