Geographia Polonica (2011) vol. 84, iss. Special Issue Part 1
Geomorphic response to the Little Ice Age in Slovakia
Geographia Polonica (2011) vol. 84, iss. Special Issue Part 1, pp. 127-146 | Full text
Geomorphic response to the Little Ice Age (LIA; ca 1250-1890 AD) in Slovakia wasmarked by the increased occurrence and effectiveness of fluvial, runoff, and some gravitationalprocesses. We identified four periods of increased frequency of big floods, namely: (1250)1378-1526 AD, the 1560s-1570s, the 1590s-1620s, and the 1660s-1850s, while the last periodshows two stages (the 1660s-1720s and the 1760s-1850s). Three identified periods of disastrousgullying accompanied by muddy floods (the 14th century, the mid-16th century - the 1730s, the1780s - the mid-19th century) refer to temporal conformity of both fluvial and runoff processes.High frequency of debris flows in the Slovak part of the Tatra Mts. occurred in the period of1400-1860 AD. Sparse mentions on precipitation-induced particular events of debris flows, landslidesor rockfalls are mostly linked with simultaneous occurrence of floods.
Keywords: geomorphic response, floods, gullying, muddy floods, debris flows, landslides, rockfalls, Little Ice Age, Slovakia
, Department of Physical Geography and Geoecology, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Comenius University in Bratislava, Mlynskä dolina, 842 15 Bratislava 4, Slovak Republic
, Comenius University in Bratislava, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Department of Physical Geography and Geoecology, Mlynská dolina, 842 15 Bratislava 4, Slovakia