Milos Stankoviansky

Articles

Geomorphic response to the Little Ice Age in Slovakia

Milos Stankoviansky, Peter Pišút

Geographia Polonica (2011) vol. 84, Special Issue Part 1, pp. 127-146 | Full text
doi: https://doi.org/10.7163/GPol.2011.S1.9

Further information

Abstract:

Geomorphic response to the Little Ice Age (LIA; ca 1250-1890 AD) in Slovakia wasmarked by the increased occurrence and effectiveness of fluvial, runoff, and some gravitationalprocesses. We identified four periods of increased frequency of big floods, namely: (1250)1378-1526 AD, the 1560s-1570s, the 1590s-1620s, and the 1660s-1850s, while the last periodshows two stages (the 1660s-1720s and the 1760s-1850s). Three identified periods of disastrousgullying accompanied by muddy floods (the 14th century, the mid-16th century - the 1730s, the1780s - the mid-19th century) refer to temporal conformity of both fluvial and runoff processes.High frequency of debris flows in the Slovak part of the Tatra Mts. occurred in the period of1400-1860 AD. Sparse mentions on precipitation-induced particular events of debris flows, landslidesor rockfalls are mostly linked with simultaneous occurrence of floods.

Keywords: geomorphic response, floods, gullying, muddy floods, debris flows, landslides, rockfalls, Little Ice Age, Slovakia

Milos Stankoviansky, Department of Physical Geography and Geoecology, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Comenius University in Bratislava, Mlynskä dolina, 842 15 Bratislava 4, Slovak Republic
Peter Pišút, Comenius University in Bratislava, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Department of Physical Geography and Geoecology, Mlynská dolina, 842 15 Bratislava 4, Slovakia

Gully evolution in the Myjava Hill land in the second half of the last millenium in the context of the Central European area

Milos Stankoviansky

Geographia Polonica (2003) vol. 76, iss. 2, pp. 89-108 | Full text

Further information

Abstract:

The author's investigations in the territory of the Myjava Hill Land, Slovakia revealed two periods of gullying in the course of the second half of the last millennium, the first dated to some time between the second half of the 16th century and the 1730s and the second approximately between the 1780s and the middle of the 19th century. Though the extensive forest clearance and expansion of farmland provided conditions favouring gullying, the triggering mechanism of the disastrous gully erosion were extreme rainfall and snowmelt events within the Little Ice Age (LIA). The comparison of gully formation phases identified in the study area with stages of gullying known from some other central-European countries suggests that gullying was not fully simultaneous across the region. The older phase identified in the Myjava Hill Land, does not have an equivalent in Germany, Poland, or Hungary and to a considerable degree in Czechia either.

Keywords: gully evolution, periods of gullying, land use changes, climatic changes, Slovakia

Milos Stankoviansky, Department of Physical Geography and Geoecology, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Comenius University in Bratislava, Mlynskä dolina, 842 15 Bratislava 4, Slovak Republic