Wojciech Chełmicki


Water circulation in the steppe zone of Mongolia

Wojciech Chełmicki

Geographia Polonica (1984) vol. 50, pp. 345-356 | Full text

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The upland steppes of Mongolia cover over 25 per cent of the total area ofthat country. Due to the abundance of grassland it is an important economicregion. On account of a considerable deficiency of precipitation in relation to thepotential evaporation, estimated at about 760 mm/year (Mirovoy... 1974), the knowledgeof water circulation and evaluation of conditions of the formation of waterresources are of great practical significance.

There is a lack of thorough studies on water circulation in the region of-theMongolian steppes. Earlier hydrological investigations of water conditions of steppe,carried out by Russians (Kuznetsov 1964, 1968, 1973, Kuznetsov and Murzaev1963, Marinov 1956, Marinov and Popov 1963, and others), had a general character.The results of the most recent investigations carried out in the steppe and foreststeppezones are to be found in publications by the Mongolian-Polish GeographicExpeditions: "Khangai 1974-1975" and "Transmongolia 1976-1978" (Froehlich et al.1975, Słupik 1975, 1980, Chełmicki and Tserev 1980, Chelmicki 1982, Glazik1980, Michalczyk et al. 1980, Soja 1980).

Wojciech Chełmicki, Institute of Geography. Jagiellonian University. Cracow