Geographia Polonica (2003) vol. 76, iss. 1, pp. 55-72 | Full text
This paper considers agricultural restructuring in Hungary. The break--up of cooperatives and changes in farm ownership and organizational structures occurred extensively in the decade following the issuing of the collectivization laws, and resulted in a mixed farm structure with various forms of corporate and individual commercial farms. In the second half of the 1990s, the organizational form of large-scale farms tended to change. The new model allowed for a rapid concentration of assets in the hands of rela-tively few investors, with voting rights proportionate to ownership. The equivalent of this process among small-scale producers was the emergence of the commercial farm sector, and, in parallel, the withdrawal of large numbers of producers from commodity production into self-sufficient plot farming. However, there have been pronounced regional differen-ces in the agricultural restructuring process in relation to factors such as natural endow-ments and location relative to urban centres and developing zones.
Katalin Koväcs, Department for Regional Development Research, Centre for Regional Studies, Hungarian Academy of Sciences 1385 Budapest 62, P.O. Box 833. Hungary