Magdalena Kuchcik

Articles

Urban climate research in Warsaw: the results of microclimatic network measurements

Magdalena Kuchcik, Krzysztof Błażejczyk, Paweł Milewski, Jakub Szmyd

Geographia Polonica (2014) vol. 87, iss. 4, pp. 491-504 | Full text
doi: https://doi.org/10.7163/GPol.2014.33

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Abstract:

The paper presents some aspects of Warsaw’s climate, in particular the urban heat island. UHI changesin different seasons and in different air mass types were analysed over the years 2011-2012. Average UHI in Warsaw is of a diamond shape which reflects the distribution of the densest built area and exceeds 2.0°Cin the city centre compared to the airport station. In subtropical air mass, the intensity of UHI on the leftside of the Vistula River reached 7.7°C. The basis for the analysis is the microclimatic measurement network of 28 permanent points in Warsaw and its surroundings, operated by IGSO PAS and completed by data from 7 other stations. This dense network became the IGSO PAS’ input into an UHI project titled ‘Development and application of mitigation and adaptation strategies and measures for counteracting the global Urban HeatIslands phenomenon (UHI)’ implemented through the Central Europe Program and co-financed by the ERDF.

Keywords: city climate, network of microclimatic measurements, urban heat island, Warsaw

Magdalena Kuchcik [mkuchcik@twarda.pan.pl], Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization Polish Academy of Sciences Twarda 51/55, 00-818 Warsaw: Poland
Krzysztof Błażejczyk [k.blaz@twarda.pan.pl], Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization Polish Academy of Sciences Twarda 51/55, 00-818 Warsaw: Poland
Paweł Milewski [pmilewski@twarda.pan.pl], Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization Polish Academy of Sciences Twarda 51/55, 00-818 Warsaw: Poland
Jakub Szmyd [j.szmyd@twarda.pan.pl], Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization Polish Academy of Sciences Twarda 51/55, 00-818 Warsaw: Poland

The attempt to validate the applicability of two climate models for the evaluation of heat wave related mortality in Warsaw in the 21st century

Magdalena Kuchcik

Geographia Polonica (2013) vol. 86, iss. 4, pp. 295-311 | Full text
doi: https://doi.org/10.7163/GPol.2013.25

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Abstract:

In the analysis of the potential of applying models to estimate threat of heat waves in Poland up to the end of the 21stcentury, two discrepant climate change models: the MPI‑M‑REMO‑ECHAM5 and DMI‑HIRHAM5‑ARPEGE have been used. In this regard, the maximum air temperature was analysed. The accepted definition of a heat wave was 3 and 5 consecutivedays of temperatures ≥30°C. According to the more realistic ARPEGE model, after 2040, the number of 3 day heatwaves will rise by 370% and after 2070 – 460%. In Warsaw, the extent of possible mortality rates due to cardiovasculardisease in heat waves amounted to +134% in the period after 2070 according to the ARPEGE model.

Keywords: climate models, heat waves, modelled air temperature, mortality, Poland

Magdalena Kuchcik [mkuchcik@twarda.pan.pl], Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization Polish Academy of Sciences Twarda 51/55, 00-818 Warsaw: Poland

Book review

Ebi K. L., Burton I., Mcgregor G. R. (eds.), Biometeorology for adaptation to climate variability and change, United Kingdom, Springer 2009

Magdalena Kuchcik

Geographia Polonica (2013) vol. 86, iss. 1, pp. 81-83 | Full text

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Magdalena Kuchcik [mkuchcik@twarda.pan.pl], Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization Polish Academy of Sciences Twarda 51/55, 00-818 Warsaw: Poland

Articles

Heat- and cold-related mortality in the north-east of Poland as an example of the socio-economic effects of extreme hydrometeorological events in the Polish Lowland

Magdalena Kuchcik, Marek Degórski

Geographia Polonica (2009) vol. 82, iss. 1, pp. 69-78 | Full text

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Abstract:

This article looks at certain socioeconomic consequences of extreme hydrometeorologicalphenomena in the Polish Lowland, e.g. fl oods, droughts, hurricanes, heat and cold waves that haveall become more intense in Poland over recent years. The particular focus is on the impact of extremehigh temperature and severe cold events on socio-medical parameters such as mortality. The analysis isespecially concerned with increased daily numbers of deaths in 3 large urban centers located in northeastPoland.

Keywords: extreme hydrometeorological phenomena, heat waves, cold waves, human mortality, Polish Lowland

Magdalena Kuchcik [mkuchcik@twarda.pan.pl], Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization Polish Academy of Sciences Twarda 51/55, 00-818 Warsaw: Poland
Marek Degórski [m.degor@twarda.pan.p], Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization Polish Academy of Sciences Twarda 51/55, 00-818 Warsaw: Poland

Definig heat waves - different aproaches

Magdalena Kuchcik

Geographia Polonica (2006) vol. 79, iss. 2, pp. 47-63 | Full text

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Heat waves have not been defined officially, however there are many non-official definitionsin use. This paper reviews some of the most frequently used definitions of heat wave and itsmeasures. It also reveals different numbers of heat periods that result from an analysis employingdifferent definitions of a heat wave. This has been exemplified on the basis of data from Polandand confirmed the need for regionally accepted guidelines by which to define heat waves.

Keywords: definitions of heat wave, extreme weather, thresholds, synoptic approach, Poland

Magdalena Kuchcik [mkuchcik@twarda.pan.pl], Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization Polish Academy of Sciences Twarda 51/55, 00-818 Warsaw: Poland

Preface

Editorial

Magdalena Kuchcik, Krzysztof Błażejczyk

Geographia Polonica (2004) vol. 77, iss. 1, pp. 5-7 | Full text

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Magdalena Kuchcik [mkuchcik@twarda.pan.pl], Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization Polish Academy of Sciences Twarda 51/55, 00-818 Warsaw: Poland
Krzysztof Błażejczyk [k.blaz@twarda.pan.pl], Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization Polish Academy of Sciences Twarda 51/55, 00-818 Warsaw: Poland

Book review

Weather and transportation in Canada. Ed. J. Andrey, C. Knapper. Waterloo, 2003

Magdalena Kuchcik

Geographia Polonica (2004) vol. 77, iss. 1, pp. 97-100 | Full text

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Magdalena Kuchcik [mkuchcik@twarda.pan.pl], Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization Polish Academy of Sciences Twarda 51/55, 00-818 Warsaw: Poland

Articles

Mortality in Warsaw: is there any connection with weather and air pollution?

Magdalena Kuchcik

Geographia Polonica (2001) vol. 74, iss. 1, pp. 29-45 | Full text

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Abstract:

City inhabitants are becoming more and more sensitive to weather changes and extreme atmospheric events. According to certain scientific reports mortality from cardiovas-cular and respiratory diseases is associated with oppressive weather conditions. In the years 1994-1995 a significant rise in mortality was found for Warsaw when particularly hot weather conditions, characteristic of a subtropical air mass, occurred. A synoptic approach in this type of research has been confirmed, and consideration of the influence of combined meteorological parameters on humans (via a biometeorological index) is seen to be much more fruitful and justified than using separate meteorological parameters in calculations.

Keywords: mortality, weather, air pollution, Warsaw

Magdalena Kuchcik [mkuchcik@twarda.pan.pl], Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization Polish Academy of Sciences Twarda 51/55, 00-818 Warsaw: Poland