Geographia Polonica (2006) vol. 79, iss. 2

Articles

Social Production of Urban Space (A Case Study of ‘Bad’ Areas in Poznań)

Michał Dolata, Jacek Kotus

Geographia Polonica (2006) vol. 79, iss. 2, pp. 5-22 | Full text

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Abstract:

This article reflects upon the role of residents and social groups in assigning meaningto urban space. The research on which it is based was intended to: a) support a thesis about theimportance of the social use of urban space in the shaping of urban structures, b) augment ourknowledge as to the assignment of meaning to city areas and support the paradigm accounting forurban phenomena in terms of the everyday life of city dwellers, and c) identify the processes ofurban marking in Polish metropolitan conditions by reference to criminal behaviour and its perceptionin Poznań. The research reported allows a more general conclusion to be drawn in thatthe stigmatization of urban areas only affects small areas and is fairly rare, while stereotypizationof varying intensity is characteristic of much wider areas and is a more frequent mechanism underpinningsocial perceptions of places in a city.

Keywords: Social production (marking) of urban space, stigmatization, stereotypization, Poznań city.

Michał Dolata, Institute of Socio-Economic Geography and Spatial Management, Adam Mickiewicz University Dzięgielowa 27, 61-680 Poznań, Poland
Jacek Kotus, Institute of Socio-Economic Geography and Spatial Management, Adam Mickiewicz University Dzięgielowa 27, 61-680 Poznań, Poland

From Migration to Segregation in the Former Closed City

Michael Gentile

Geographia Polonica (2006) vol. 79, iss. 2, pp. 23-46 | Full text

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Abstract:

Based on the case of the military-industrial city of Ust’-Kamenogorsk, Kazakhstan,this paper explores (a) Soviet and post-Soviet era migration into former closed cities, and (b) thepresent housing situation of migrant groups living in them, paying particular attention to theirethnic background. The study is based on a survey carried out by the author and the regionalstatistical authority in January 2001. The principal findings suggest that there has been a clearincrease in migrants from the oblast’s rural areas to the regional capital, which is attributableto the regional urbanisation pressure which had been created during the city’s period of ‘closure’,and that the origin of these migrants has shifted in favour of areas with larger Kazakh populations.Also, contradicting the Soviet goals, and resulting from structural factors re-enforced bythe closed city regime, the ethnic housing gap is greatest among those who arrived during theSoviet period.

Keywords: Closed cities, Kazakhstan, migration, ethnicity, housing, residential

Michael Gentile, Stockholm School of Economics Box 6501, SE-11383 Stockholm, Sweden

Definig heat waves - different aproaches

Magdalena Kuchcik

Geographia Polonica (2006) vol. 79, iss. 2, pp. 47-63 | Full text

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Abstract:

Heat waves have not been defined officially, however there are many non-official definitionsin use. This paper reviews some of the most frequently used definitions of heat wave and itsmeasures. It also reveals different numbers of heat periods that result from an analysis employingdifferent definitions of a heat wave. This has been exemplified on the basis of data from Polandand confirmed the need for regionally accepted guidelines by which to define heat waves.

Keywords: definitions of heat wave, extreme weather, thresholds, synoptic approach, Poland

Magdalena Kuchcik [mkuchcik@twarda.pan.pl], Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization Polish Academy of Sciences Twarda 51/55, 00-818 Warsaw: Poland

Changes of the Vistula river channel and floodplain in the last 200 years

Adam Łajczak, Joanna Plit, Roman Soja, Leszek Starkel, Justyna Warowna

Geographia Polonica (2006) vol. 79, iss. 2, pp. 65-87 | Full text

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Abstract:

The Vistula River is a typical Central-European river flowing from the mountains acrossbasins and upland belts to the lowlands. The Vistula valley is modelled by a river with a complexhydrological regime. In its upper reaches, floods driven by summer rainfall prevail, while in thelower reaches snowmelt floods are important. Deforestation favoured a natural propensity forriver braiding. In the mid-19th century, the channelization of the upper Vistula (in the Carpathianforeland) and the lower reaches was commenced with, while the middle streach was leftin a natural state, such that the river has in places preserved a braided pattern up to the presentday. The channelization followed by construction of reservoirs caused downcutting and aggradationto occur, such that opposing tendencies were observed in particular reaches of the riverchannel. In addition, flood embankments confined aggradation to the intra-embankment area.Thus, the functioning of the Vistula River system is largely controlled by diverse human activity.Unconstrained flow and river load transport along the whole river length are only partly possibleduring extreme floods. The present-day adjustment tendencies also relate to ongoing changes inland-use in the drainage basin, as well as on global climatic changes.

Keywords: Vistula River, channelization/regulation, present-day changes of floodplain, downcutting, aggradation

Adam Łajczak [alajczak@up.krakow.pl], Institute of Geography Pedagogical University of Krakow Podchorążych 2, 30 -084 Krakow: Poland
Joanna Plit [plitjo@twarda.pan.pl], Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization Polish Academy of Sciences, 00-818 Warsaw, Twarda 51/55, Poland
Roman Soja [soja@zg.pan.krakow.pl], Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization Polish Academy of Sciences, 31-018 Krakow, Sw. Jana 22, Poland
Leszek Starkel, Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization Polish Academy of Sciences, 31-018 Krakow, Sw. Jana 22, Poland

Book review

Hungarian spaces and places: patterns of transition. Ed. G. Barta, E.G. Fekete, I. Kukorelli-Szoereyine, J. Timar. Pecs 2005

Dariusz Świątek

Geographia Polonica (2006) vol. 79, iss. 2, pp. 89-91 | Full text

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Keywords:

Dariusz Świątek [swiatekd@twarda.pan.pl], Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization Polish Academy of Sciences Twarda 51/55, 00‑818 Warsaw: Poland